Short-term weight gain after adenotonsillectomy in children with obstructive sleep apnoea: systematic review

M. Van, I. Khan, Syed Hussain (Lead / Corresponding author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background:: Children with obstructive sleep apnoea commonly undergo adenotonsillectomy as first-line surgical treatment. This paper aimed to investigate whether this intervention was associated with weight gain after surgery in the paediatric population with obstructive sleep apnoea. Method:: Two independent researchers systematically reviewed the literature from 1995 to 2014 for studies on patients who underwent adenotonsillectomy with weight-based measurements before and after surgery. The databases used were Ovid Medline, Embase and PubMed. Results:: Six papers satisfied all inclusion criteria. Four of these papers showed a significant weight increase and the others did not. The only high quality, randomised, controlled trial showed a significant increase of weight gain at seven months follow up, even in patients who were already overweight before their surgery. Conclusion:: The current evidence points towards an association between adenotonsillectomy and weight gain in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea in the short term.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)214-218
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Laryngology and Otology
    Volume130
    Issue number3
    Early online date21 Dec 2015
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016

    Keywords

    • Adenoidectomy
    • Obesity
    • Obstructive Sleep Apnea
    • Review
    • Systematic
    • Tonsillectomy
    • Weight Gain

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