Shortened dental arch concept shown to be cost effective

Colin Levey, Craig Dunbar

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Design
    Randomised controlled trial
    Intervention
    All patients received treatment to render them dentally fit. Patients were randomly allocated to either the removable dental prostheses (RPD) or the shortened dental arch (SDA) group. Patients in the RDP group were restored to complete arches with RDP using cobalt-chromium frameworks according to a standardised protocol. For the SDA group, patients were restored to a shortened arch of ten occluding pairs of natural and replacement teeth using resin-bonded bridgework (RBB).
    Outcome measure
    Treatment effect was measured using the change in oral health-related quality of life (OHrQOL). For each patient the costs of delivering treatment were recorded by a research nurse during the intervention period. Laboratory costs were recorded as part of normal hospital policy for all patients. All of the dental materials used were recorded and given a unit price. The cost of professional time per patient was estimated using the highest point of the salary scale for the Community Dental Service in Ireland.
    Results
    One hundred and thirty-two patients were randomised; 65 to the RPD group and 67 to the SDA group. Ninety-two patients (69.7%) completed the study (46 in RPD group; 46in SDA group). There was no difference in the success rates of the two treatments over the period. Five pieces of resin-bonded bridgework (RBB) debonded and were recemented over the 12-month period giving a success rate of 95.5% for the RBB. Four patients discontinued wearing their RPDs; all four RPDS were fitted in the lower arch and included bilateral free end saddles, a success rate of 95.9%. Both RPD and SDA groups demonstrated statistically significant improvements in OHrQoL scores after 12 months.

    The total cost of achieving the minimally important clinical difference (MID) in OHrQOL for an average patient in the RDP group was €464.64. For the SDA group, the cost of achieving the MID for an average patient was €252.00. The cost-effectiveness ratio was therefore 1:1.84 in favour of SDA treatment.
    Conclusions
    With an increasingly ageing population, many patients will continue to benefit from removable prostheses to replace their missing natural teeth. From a purely economic standpoint, the results from this analysis suggest that the treatment of partially dentate older adults should be focused on functionally orientated treatment because it is simply more cost-effective.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)19-20
    Number of pages2
    JournalEvidence-Based Dentistry
    Volume16
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 28 Mar 2015

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