Extraction of lower first permanent molars in children is common. There is uncertainty among clinicians as to whether a 'compensating extraction' (removal of the upper first permanent molar to prevent it over erupting) is necessary despite current guidelines recommending this. As a result, unnecessary dental extractions may be carried out or children may be failing to receive extractions required to achieve optimal long-term oral health. In addition, the decision to extract fewer or more teeth affects management options (local anesthetic injections alone, inhalation sedation or general anesthesia) needed to support the child with the surgical procedure(s).The SIXES (Should I eXtract Every Six) dental trial investigates clinical effectiveness and quality of life for conventional treatment (following the guideline of compensation extraction of the upper first permanent molar) compared with the alternative intervention (removal of lower first permanent molars but no extraction of the upper).
Innes, N., Borrie, F., Bearn, D., Evans, D., Rauchhaus, P., McSwiggan, S., Page, L. F., & Hogarth, F. (2013). Should I eXtract Every Six dental trial (SIXES): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 14, . https://doi.org/10.1186/1745-6215-14-59