Siglecs as positive and negative regulators of the immune system

Paul R. Crocker, Pierre Redelinghuys

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    94 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Siglecs (sialic acid-binding lg-like lectins) are mainly expressed in the immune system. Sn (sialoadhesin) (siglec-1), CD22 (siglec-2) and siglec-15 are well conserved, whereas the CD33-related siglecs are undergoing rapid evolution, as reflected in large differences in repertoires among the different mammals studied so far. In the present paper, we review recent findings on the signalling properties of the CD33-related siglecs and discuss the emergence of both inhibitory and activating forms of this family. We also discuss how Sn may function as a positive regulator of adaptive immune responses and its emerging role as an induced macrophage pattern-recognition molecule for sialylated pathogens, especially enveloped viruses.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1467-1471
    Number of pages5
    JournalBiochemical Society Transactions
    Volume36
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008

    Keywords

    • Innate immune system
    • Lectin
    • Myeloid
    • Pathogen
    • Sialic acid
    • Siglec
    • Experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis
    • Porcine alveolar macrophages
    • Immunoglobulin-like lectins
    • Respiratory syndrome virus
    • Acute myeloid leukemia
    • Sialoadhesin
    • Receptor
    • Cell
    • Mice

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