Quantitative proteomic analyses in combination with genetics provide powerful tools in developmental cell signalling research. Drosophila melanogaster is one of the most widely used genetic models for studying development and disease. Here we combined quantitative proteomics with genetic selection to determine changes in the proteome upon depletion of Heartless (Htl) Fibroblast-Growth Factor (FGF) receptor signalling in Drosophila embryos at the gastrula stage. We present a robust, single generation SILAC (stable isotope labelling with amino acids in cell culture) protocol for labelling proteins in early embryos. For the selection of homozygously mutant embryos at the pre-gastrula stage, we developed an independent genetic marker. Our analyses detected quantitative changes in the global proteome of htl mutant embryos during gastrulation. We identified distinct classes of downregulated and upregulated proteins, and network analyses indicate functionally related groups of proteins in each class. In addition, we identified changes in the abundance of phosphopeptides. In summary, our quantitative proteomic analysis reveals global changes in metabolic, nucleoplasmic, cytoskeletal and transport proteins in htl mutant embryos.
- cell signalling
- Fibroblast Growth Factor