Simulation for Continuing Pharmacy Education: Development and Implementation of a Simulation-Based Workshop on Medicines Reconciliation for Pharmacists

Maram G. Katoue (Lead / Corresponding author), Jean Ker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Simulation has been increasingly used to train health care professionals on clinical skills. Little is published on simulation-based education in the context of continuing pharmacy education (CPE) of pharmacists. This article describes the development implementation and evaluation of simulation-based workshop to train hospital pharmacists on medicines reconciliation in Kuwait. The study aimed to explore pharmacists' perceptions about simulation use in CPE. It also assessed the impact of the workshops on pharmacists' attitudes toward, knowledge, and comfort level to apply medicines reconciliation.

Methods: One hundred ten pharmacists attended 11 simulation-based workshops. Data were collected using focus groups and self-administered surveys in a mixed-method research design. Focus groups were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed for content. Descriptive statistics were used to report surveys' findings.

Results: The workshops were well-received by pharmacists. Few pharmacists recalled previous exposure to simulation in CPE activities. Pharmacists' perceived challenges to simulation integration into their professional training were the need for good preparation/setting, qualified faculty, well-trained simulated patients, and time constrains. Participants felt that simulation enhanced their attitudes toward, knowledge, and comfort level to apply medicines reconciliation. They rated their knowledge level as having increased by 62.3% and comfort level as having increased by 37.0%. They overwhelmingly welcomed more integration of simulation in CPE activities.

Discussion: A simulation-based continuing education workshop was well-received by pharmacists and enhanced their self-reported knowledge, comfort level, and preparedness to apply medicines reconciliation. Efforts are needed to expand simulation use in the development, refinement, and maintenance of clinical skills of pharmacists throughout their educational continuum including CPE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-193
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
Volume39
Issue number3
Early online date1 Jun 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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