Sirtuin/Sir2 phylogeny, evolutionary considerations and structural conservation

Sebastian Greiss, Anton Gartner

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    123 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The sirtuins are a protein family named after the first identified member, S. cerevisiae Sir2p. Sirtuins are protein deacetylases whose activity is dependent on NAD(+) as a cosubstrate. They are structurally defined by two central domains that together form a highly conserved catalytic center, which catalyzes the transfer of an acetyl moiety from acetyllysine to NAD(+), yielding nicotinamide, the unique metabolite O-acetyl-ADP-ribose and deacetylated lysine. One or more sirtuins are present in virtually all species from bacteria to mammals. Here we describe a phylogenetic analysis of sirtuins. Based on their phylogenetic relationship, sirtuins can be grouped into over a dozen classes and subclasses. Humans, like most vertebrates, have seven sirtuins: SIRT1-SIRT7. These function in diverse cellular pathways, regulating transcriptional repression, aging, metabolism, DNA damage responses and apoptosis. We show that these seven sirtuins arose early during animal evolution. Conserved residues cluster around the catalytic center of known sirtuin family members.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)407-415
    Number of pages9
    JournalMolecules and Cells
    Volume28
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2009

    Keywords

    • DEPENDENT PROTEIN DEACETYLASES
    • POSITION-EFFECT VARIEGATION
    • SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE
    • CALORIE RESTRICTION
    • HISTONE DEACETYLASE
    • SIRT1 DEACETYLASE
    • CELL-SURVIVAL
    • LIFE-SPAN
    • HISTONE/PROTEIN DEACETYLASES
    • ADP-RIBOSYLTRANSFERASE

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