Small-scale modelling of reinforced concrete for physical model tests, and its application in centrifuge testing of a soil-structure interaction problem

A. H. Al-Defae (Lead / Corresponding author), J. A. Knappett, M. J. Brown

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

This paper will discuss the improvement of seismically unstable slopes using a row of discretely spaced vertical piles, to indicate some of the key issues involved in the physical modelling of soil-structure interaction problems at small-scale, in this case, within a geotechnical centrifuge. A 1V:2H sandy slope is modelled at a scale of 1:50 using the beam centrifuge and earthquake simulator at the University of Dundee and improved using piles which nominally represent the same prototype reinforced-concrete (RC) pile, but modelled in different ways. ‘Elastic’ model piles act as a benchmark against which damageable piles made of a novel model micro reinforced-concrete are assessed. This model concrete is able to simultaneously model both the bending stiffness (EI) and strength of realistic full-scale concrete piles. Two different sections will be considered, representing (i) a ‘well-detailed’ section which is designed not to form a plastic hinge during slope movement (i.e. the soil yields around the piles before they become damaged); and (ii) a ‘weak’ section with a similar EI but much lower moment capacity (i.e. so that the pile fails before the soil yields). In this way, it will be shown how useful the model concrete is in assessing the performance of soil-structure systems containing reinforced concrete through the use of centrifuge model tests, or other small scale model tests that involve geometric scaling.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jun 2016
Event1st International Conference on Natural Hazards and Infrastructure: Protection, Design, Rehabilitation - Chania, Greece
Duration: 28 Jun 201630 Jun 2016

Conference

Conference1st International Conference on Natural Hazards and Infrastructure: Protection, Design, Rehabilitation
Abbreviated titleICONHIC 2016
CountryGreece
CityChania
Period28/06/1630/06/16

Keywords

  • Physical modelling
  • Centrifuge testing
  • Concrete
  • Slopes

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  • Research Output

    • 3 Article
    • 2 Conference contribution

    Variability of small scale model reinforced concrete and implications for geotechnical centrifuge testing

    Knappett, J., Brown, M., Shields, L., Al-Defae, A. H. & Loli, M., 24 Oct 2018, Physical Modelling in Geotechnics: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics (ICPMG 2018), July 17-20, 2018, London, United Kingdom. McNamara, A., Divall, S., Goodey, R., Taylor, N., Stallebrass, S. & Panchal, J. (eds.). 1 ed. CRC Press-Taylor & Francis Group, p. 241-246

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Open Access
    File
  • 1 Citation (Scopus)
    106 Downloads (Pure)

    A New Model Concrete for Reduced-Scale Model Tests of Energy Geo-Structures

    Vitali, D., Leung, A. K., Minto, A. & Knappett, J. A., 2016, Geo Chacago 2016: Geotechnics for sustainable energy. Farid, A., De, A., Reddy, K. R., Yesiller, N. & Zekkos, D. (eds.). American Society of Civil Engineers , p. 185-194 10 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

  • 1 Citation (Scopus)

    Newmark sliding block model for pile-reinforced slopes under earthquake loading

    Al-Defae, A. H. & Knappett, J. A., Aug 2015, In : Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering. 75, p. 265-278 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
  • 14 Citations (Scopus)
    328 Downloads (Pure)

    Activities

    • 1 Invited talk

    Taisei Corporation invited presentation: Centrifuge modelling projects relevant to Japanese application

    Michael Brown (Invited speaker)

    18 Sep 2018

    Activity: Talk or presentation typesInvited talk

    Cite this

    Al-Defae, A. H., Knappett, J. A., & Brown, M. J. (2016). Small-scale modelling of reinforced concrete for physical model tests, and its application in centrifuge testing of a soil-structure interaction problem. Paper presented at 1st International Conference on Natural Hazards and Infrastructure: Protection, Design, Rehabilitation, Chania, Greece.