Social, environmental and psychological factors associated with objective physical activity levels in the over 65s

Marion E. T. McMurdo, Ishbel Argo, Iain K. Crombie, Zhiqiang Feng, Falko F. Sniehotta, Thenmalar Vadiveloo, Miles D. Witham, Peter T. Donnan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    Abstract

    Objective: To assess physical activity levels objectively using accelerometers in community dwelling over 65 s and to examine associations with health, social, environmental and psychological factors.

    Design: Cross sectional survey.

    Setting: 17 general practices in Scotland, United Kingdom.

    Participants: Random sampling of over 65 s registered with the practices in four strata young-old (65-80 years), old-old (over 80 years), more affluent and less affluent groups.

    Main Outcome Measures: Accelerometry counts of activity per day. Associations between activity and Theory of Planned Behaviour variables, the physical environment, health, wellbeing and demographic variables were examined with multiple regression analysis and multilevel modelling.

    Results: 547 older people (mean (SD) age 79(8) years, 54% female) were analysed representing 94% of those surveyed. Accelerometry counts were highest in the affluent younger group, followed by the deprived younger group, with lowest levels in the deprived over 80 s group. Multiple regression analysis showed that lower age, higher perceived behavioural control, the physical function subscale of SF-36, and having someone nearby to turn to were all independently associated with higher physical activity levels (R-2 = 0.32). In addition, hours of sunshine were independently significantly associated with greater physical activity in a multilevel model.

    Conclusions: Other than age and hours of sunlight, the variables identified are modifiable, and provide a strong basis for the future development of novel multidimensional interventions aimed at increasing activity participation in later life.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere31878
    Pages (from-to)-
    Number of pages6
    JournalPLoS ONE
    Volume7
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Cite this

    @article{498a2897a04f47769c6a44e79ef32b19,
    title = "Social, environmental and psychological factors associated with objective physical activity levels in the over 65s",
    abstract = "Objective: To assess physical activity levels objectively using accelerometers in community dwelling over 65 s and to examine associations with health, social, environmental and psychological factors.Design: Cross sectional survey.Setting: 17 general practices in Scotland, United Kingdom.Participants: Random sampling of over 65 s registered with the practices in four strata young-old (65-80 years), old-old (over 80 years), more affluent and less affluent groups.Main Outcome Measures: Accelerometry counts of activity per day. Associations between activity and Theory of Planned Behaviour variables, the physical environment, health, wellbeing and demographic variables were examined with multiple regression analysis and multilevel modelling.Results: 547 older people (mean (SD) age 79(8) years, 54{\%} female) were analysed representing 94{\%} of those surveyed. Accelerometry counts were highest in the affluent younger group, followed by the deprived younger group, with lowest levels in the deprived over 80 s group. Multiple regression analysis showed that lower age, higher perceived behavioural control, the physical function subscale of SF-36, and having someone nearby to turn to were all independently associated with higher physical activity levels (R-2 = 0.32). In addition, hours of sunshine were independently significantly associated with greater physical activity in a multilevel model.Conclusions: Other than age and hours of sunlight, the variables identified are modifiable, and provide a strong basis for the future development of novel multidimensional interventions aimed at increasing activity participation in later life.",
    author = "McMurdo, {Marion E. T.} and Ishbel Argo and Crombie, {Iain K.} and Zhiqiang Feng and Sniehotta, {Falko F.} and Thenmalar Vadiveloo and Witham, {Miles D.} and Donnan, {Peter T.}",
    year = "2012",
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    Social, environmental and psychological factors associated with objective physical activity levels in the over 65s. / McMurdo, Marion E. T.; Argo, Ishbel; Crombie, Iain K.; Feng, Zhiqiang; Sniehotta, Falko F.; Vadiveloo, Thenmalar; Witham, Miles D.; Donnan, Peter T.

    In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 7, No. 2, e31878, 2012, p. -.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    T1 - Social, environmental and psychological factors associated with objective physical activity levels in the over 65s

    AU - McMurdo, Marion E. T.

    AU - Argo, Ishbel

    AU - Crombie, Iain K.

    AU - Feng, Zhiqiang

    AU - Sniehotta, Falko F.

    AU - Vadiveloo, Thenmalar

    AU - Witham, Miles D.

    AU - Donnan, Peter T.

    PY - 2012

    Y1 - 2012

    N2 - Objective: To assess physical activity levels objectively using accelerometers in community dwelling over 65 s and to examine associations with health, social, environmental and psychological factors.Design: Cross sectional survey.Setting: 17 general practices in Scotland, United Kingdom.Participants: Random sampling of over 65 s registered with the practices in four strata young-old (65-80 years), old-old (over 80 years), more affluent and less affluent groups.Main Outcome Measures: Accelerometry counts of activity per day. Associations between activity and Theory of Planned Behaviour variables, the physical environment, health, wellbeing and demographic variables were examined with multiple regression analysis and multilevel modelling.Results: 547 older people (mean (SD) age 79(8) years, 54% female) were analysed representing 94% of those surveyed. Accelerometry counts were highest in the affluent younger group, followed by the deprived younger group, with lowest levels in the deprived over 80 s group. Multiple regression analysis showed that lower age, higher perceived behavioural control, the physical function subscale of SF-36, and having someone nearby to turn to were all independently associated with higher physical activity levels (R-2 = 0.32). In addition, hours of sunshine were independently significantly associated with greater physical activity in a multilevel model.Conclusions: Other than age and hours of sunlight, the variables identified are modifiable, and provide a strong basis for the future development of novel multidimensional interventions aimed at increasing activity participation in later life.

    AB - Objective: To assess physical activity levels objectively using accelerometers in community dwelling over 65 s and to examine associations with health, social, environmental and psychological factors.Design: Cross sectional survey.Setting: 17 general practices in Scotland, United Kingdom.Participants: Random sampling of over 65 s registered with the practices in four strata young-old (65-80 years), old-old (over 80 years), more affluent and less affluent groups.Main Outcome Measures: Accelerometry counts of activity per day. Associations between activity and Theory of Planned Behaviour variables, the physical environment, health, wellbeing and demographic variables were examined with multiple regression analysis and multilevel modelling.Results: 547 older people (mean (SD) age 79(8) years, 54% female) were analysed representing 94% of those surveyed. Accelerometry counts were highest in the affluent younger group, followed by the deprived younger group, with lowest levels in the deprived over 80 s group. Multiple regression analysis showed that lower age, higher perceived behavioural control, the physical function subscale of SF-36, and having someone nearby to turn to were all independently associated with higher physical activity levels (R-2 = 0.32). In addition, hours of sunshine were independently significantly associated with greater physical activity in a multilevel model.Conclusions: Other than age and hours of sunlight, the variables identified are modifiable, and provide a strong basis for the future development of novel multidimensional interventions aimed at increasing activity participation in later life.

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    DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0031878

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