In this paper, we look at reasoning with evidence and facts in criminal cases. We show how this reasoning may be analysed in a dialectical way by means of critical questions that point to typical sources of doubt. We discuss critical questions about the evidential arguments adduced, about the narrative accounts of the facts considered, and about the way in which the arguments and narratives are connected in an analysis. Our treatment shows how two different types of knowledge, represented as schemes, play a role in reasoning with evidence: argumentation schemes and story schemes.
Bex, F., & Verheij, B. (2012). Solving a murder case by asking critical questions: an approach to fact-finding in terms of argumentation and story schemes. Argumentation, 26(3), 325-353. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10503-011-9257-0