Standards in semen examination: publishing reproducible and reliable data based on high-quality methodology

Lars Björndahl (Lead / Corresponding author), Christopher L. R. Barratt, David Mortimer, Ashok Agarwal, Robert J. Aitken, Juan G. Alvarez, Natalie Aneck-Hahn, Stefan Arver, Elisabetta Baldi, Lluís Bassas, Florence Boitrelle, Riana Bornman, Douglas T. Carrell, José A. Castilla, Gerardo Cerezo Parra, Jerome H. Check, Patricia S. Cuasnicu, Sally Perreault Darney, Christiaan de Jager, Christopher J. De JongeJoël R. Drevet, Erma Z. Drobnis, Stefan S. Du Plessis, Michael L. Eisenberg, Sandro C. Esteves, Evangelini A. Evgeni, Alberto Ferlin, Nicolas Garrido, Aleksander Giwercman, Ilse G. F. Goovaerts, Trine B. Haugen, Ralf Henkel, Lars Henningsohn, Marie-Claude Hofmann, James M. Hotaling, Piotr Jedrzejczak, Pierre Jouannet, Niels Jørgensen, Jackson C. Kirkman Brown, Csilla Krausz, Maciej Kurpisz, Ulrik Kvist, Dolores J. Lamb, Hagai Levine, Kate L Loveland, Robert I McLachlan, Ali Mahran, Liana Maree, Sarah Martins da Silva, Michael T. Mbizvo, Andreas Meinhardt, Roelof Menkveld, Sharon T. Mortimer, Sergey Moskovtsev, Charles H. Muller, Maria José Munuce, Monica Muratori, Craig Niederberger, Cristian O'Flaherty, Rafael Oliva, Willem Ombelet, Allan A. Pacey, Michael A. Palladino, Ranjith Ramasamy, Liliana Ramos, Nathalie Rives, Eduardo Rs Roldan, Susan Rothmann, Denny Sakkas, Andrea Salonia, Maria Cristina Sánchez-Pozo, Rosanna Sapiro, Stefan Schlatt, Peter N. Schlegel, Hans-Christian Schuppe, Rupin Shah, Niels E. Skakkebæk, Katja Teerds, Igor Toskin, Herman Tournaye, Paul J. Turek, Gerhard van der Horst, Monica Vazquez-Levin, Christina Wang, Alex Wetzels, Theodosia Zeginiadou, Armand Zini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)
27 Downloads (Pure)


Biomedical science is rapidly developing in terms of more transparency, openness and reproducibility of scientific publications. This is even more important for all studies that are based on results from basic semen examination. Recently two concordant documents have been published: the 6th edition of the WHO Laboratory Manual for the Examination and Processing of Human Semen, and the International Standard ISO 23162:2021. With these tools, we propose that authors should be instructed to follow these laboratory methods in order to publish studies in peer-reviewed journals, preferable by using a checklist as suggested in an Appendix to this article.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2497-2502
Number of pages6
JournalHuman Reproduction
Issue number11
Early online date16 Sept 2022
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • Humans
  • Semen
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Semen Analysis/methods
  • Peer Review
  • Publishing
  • quality control
  • reproducibility
  • science development
  • standardized laboratory procedures
  • basic semen examination
  • patient security
  • journal requirements
  • laboratory training
  • reproductive medicine
  • andrology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Reproductive Medicine


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