Star and protoplanetary disk properties in Orion's suburbs

M. Fang, R. Van Boekel, W. Wang, A. Carmona, A. Sicilia-Aguilar, Th. Henning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

162 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context. Knowledge of the evolution of circumstellar accretion disks is pivotal to our understanding of star and planet formation; and yet despite intensive theoretical and observational studies, the disk dissipation process is not well understood. Infrared observations of large numbers of young stars, as performed by the Spitzer Space Telescope, may advance our knowledge of this inherently complex process. While infrared data reveal the evolutionary status of the disk, they hold little information on the properties of the central star and the accretion characteristics.Aims. Existing 2MASS and Spitzer archive data of the Lynds 1630N and 1641 clouds in the Orion GMC provide disk properties of a large number of young stars. We wish to complement these data with optical data that provide the physical stellar parameters and accretion characteristics.Methods. We performed a large optical spectroscopic and photometric survey of the aforementioned clouds. Spectral types, as well as accretion and outflow characteristics, are derived from our VLT/VIMOS spectra. Optical SDSS and CAHA/LAICA imaging was combined with 2MASS, Spitzer IRAC, and MIPS imaging to obtain spectral energy distributions from 0.4 to 24 mu m. Reddened model atmospheres were fitted to the optical/NIR photometric data, keeping T(eff) fixed at the spectroscopic value. Mass and age estimates of individual objects were made through placement in the HR diagram and comparison to several sets of pre-main sequence evolutionary tracks.Results. We provide a catalog of 132 confirmed young stars in L1630N and 267 such objects in L1641. We identify 28 transition disk systems, 20 of which were previously unknown, as well as 42 new transition disk candidates for which we have broad-band photometry but no optical spectroscopy. We give mass and age estimates for the individual stars, as well as equivalent widths of optical emission lines, the extinction, and measures of the evolutionary state of the circumstellar dusty disk. We estimate mass accretion rates. (M) over dot(acc) from the equivalent widths of the H alpha, H beta, and He 15876 angstrom emission lines, and find a dependence of. (M) over dot(acc) proportional to M(*)(alpha), with alpha similar to 3.1 in the subsolar mass range that we probe. An investigation of a large literature sample of mass accretion rate estimates yields a similar slope of alpha similar to 2.8 in the subsolar regime, but a shallower slope of alpha similar to 2.0 if the whole mass range of 0.04 M(circle dot)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-489
Number of pages29
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume504
Issue number2
Early online date16 Jul 2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sep 2009

Keywords

  • surveys stars: pre-main sequence planetary systems: protoplanetary disks accretion, accretion disks T-TAURI STARS LOW-MASS STARS HERBIG-AE/BE STARS MAIN-SEQUENCE STARS SPITZER-SPACE-TELESCOPE YOUNG STELLAR OBJECTS DIGITAL SKY SURVEY ARRAY CAMERA IRAC CIRCUMSTELLAR DISKS MOLECULAR CLOUDS

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