Steady flow and heat transfer of the power-law fluid between two stretchable rotating disks with non-uniform heat source/sink

Usman (Lead / Corresponding author), Ping Lin (Lead / Corresponding author), Abuzar Ghaffari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


This study aims to analyze the heat transfer phenomenon of power-law fluid with the occurrence of non-uniform heat source/sink within two stretchable disks which are parted with the constant distance and are co-axially rotating. The thermal conductivity is obeying the similar properties of power-law as that of viscosity. Von Karman’s generalized similarity transformation has been used firstly to reduce the physically modeled partial differential equations to nonlinear coupled ordinary differential equations and then tackled numerically with shooting method by finding missing initial conditions with the help of Newton–Raphson method and then system of equations are handled by means of RK-method. The influence of physical parameters for instance rotation as well as stretching, power-law index, Prandtl number, heat sink/source parameters upon non-dimensional velocity and temperature profiles are studied profoundly, later on, comprehensive analysis is expressed in discussion and results segment. The results which are computed numerically illustrate that the emerging parameters have substantial influences on velocity and temperature fields. In addition, rotation enhances the velocity components but temperature is predicting two diverse behaviors for shear-thinning and shear-thickening fluids, whenever upper and lower disk stretching it leads to an upsurge in radial and axial velocities but causes a decline in tangential velocity and temperature. Moreover, velocity and temperature distributions are in increasing trend except for the tangential component of the velocity which is decreasing by boosting the index of power-law. Furthermore, temperature decreases along with the similarity variable with the increasing Prandtl number but enhances with the enhancement in heat source/sink parameters. Finally, the skin friction in radial direction and local Nusselt number are escalating along the stretching parameters and Prandtl number but skin friction in tangential direction plummeting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1735-1749
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Issue number4
Early online date20 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021


  • Co-axially rotating and stretchable disks
  • Heat transfer
  • Power-law fluid flow
  • Shooting method
  • Similarity variables

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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