The MO25 scaffolding protein operates as critical regulator of a number of STE20 family protein kinases (e.g. MST and SPAK isoforms) as well as pseudokinases (e.g. STRAD isoforms that play a critical role in activating the LKB1 tumour suppressor). To better understand how MO25 interacts and stimulates the activity of STE20 protein kinases, we determined the crystal structure of MST3 catalytic domain (residues 19-289) in complex with full length MO25ß. The structure reveals an intricate web of interactions between MST3 and MO25ß that function to stabilise the kinase domain in a closed, active, conformation even in the absence of ATP or an ATP-mimetic inhibitor. The binding mode of MO25ß is reminiscent of the mechanism by which MO25a interacts with the pseudokinase STRADa. In particular we identified interface residues Tyr223 of MO25ß and Glu58 and Ile71 of MST3 that when mutated prevent activation of MST3 by MO25ß. These data provide molecular understanding of the mechanism by which MO25 isoforms regulates the activity of STE20 family protein kinases.
|Number of pages
|Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
|Published - 15 Feb 2013