Structures of the glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol anchors of porcine and human renal membrane dipeptidase. Comprehensive structural studies on the porcine anchor and interspecies comparison of the glycan core structures.

Ian A. Brewis, Michael A. J. Ferguson, Angela Mehlert, Anthony J. Turner, Nigel M. Hooper

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    102 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The glycan core structures of the glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchors on porcine and human renal membrane dipeptidase (EC 3.4.13.19) were determined following deamination and reduction by a combination of liquid chromatography, exoglycosidase digestions, and methylation analysis. The glycan core was found to exhibit microheterogeneity with three structures observed for the porcine GPI anchor: Mana1-2Mana1-6Mana1-4GlcN (29% of the total population), Mana1-2Mana1-6(GalNAcß1-4)Mana1-4GlcN (33%), and Mana1-2Mana1-6(Galß1-3GalNAcß1-4)Mana1-4GlcN (38%). The same glycan core structures were also found in the human anchor but in slightly different proportions (25, 52, and 17%, respectively). Additionally, a small amount (6%) of the second structure with an extra mannose a(1-2)-linked to the non-reducing terminal mannose was also observed in the human membrane dipeptidase GPI anchor. A small proportion (maximally 9%) of the porcine GPI anchor structures was found to contain sialic acid, probably linked to the GalNAc residue. The porcine GPI anchor was found to contain 2.5 mol of ethanolamine/mol of anchor. Negative-ion electrospray-mass spectrometry revealed the presence of exclusively diacyl-phosphatidylinositol (predominantly distearoyl-phosphatidylinositol with a minor amount of stearoyl-palmitoyl-phosphatidylinositol) in the porcine membrane dipeptidase anchor. Porcine membrane dipeptidase was digested with trypsin and the C-terminal peptide attached to the GPI anchor isolated by removal of the other tryptic peptides on anhydrotrypsin-Sepharose. The sequence of this peptide was determined as Thr-Asn-Tyr-Gly-Tyr-Ser, thereby identifying the site of attachment of the GPI anchor as Ser368. This work represents a comprehensive study of the GPI anchor structure of porcine membrane dipeptidase and the first interspecies comparison of mammalian GPI anchor structures on the same protein.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)22946-22956
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
    Volume270
    Issue number39
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 29 Sep 1995

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