The enzyme trypanothione reductase has been identified as a prime target for the rational design of inhibitors which may have clinical use in the treatment of tropical diseases caused by the genera Trypanosoma and Leishmania. To aid the design or identification of new inhibitors of this enzyme we have elucidated the structural detail of a trypanothione reductase complexed with one of the naturally occurring substrates, N1‐glutathionylspermidine disulphide, by single‐crystal X‐ray diffraction methods at 0.28‐nm resolution. The model for the Crithidia fasciculata enzyme‐substrate complex has an R‐factor of 14.8% and root‐mean‐square deviations of 0.0015 nm and 3.3° on bond lengths and angles respectively. Hydrogen bonding and van der Waals interactions between the enzyme and substrate are dominated by the amino acid side chains. The substrate binds in a rigid active site such that one glutathione moiety is in a V‐shape, the other in an extended conformation. One spermidine moiety binds closely to a hydrophobic patch in the active site formed by a tryptophan and a methionine. Distances between the methionine Sδ and the terminal N of this spermidine suggest that a hydrogen bond may supplement the hydrophobic interactions in this part of the active site.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||European Journal of Biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1993|
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