SUMOylation stabilizes sister kinetochore biorientation to allow timely anaphase

Xue Bessie Su, Menglu Wang, Claudia Schaffner, Olga O. Nerusheva, Dean Clift, Christos Spanos, David A. Kelly, Michael Tatham, Andreas Wallek, Yehui Wu, Juri Rappsilber, A. Arockia Jeyaprakash, Zuzana Storchova, Ronald T. Hay, Adèle L. Marston (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

During mitosis, sister chromatids attach to microtubules from opposite poles, called biorientation. Sister chromatid cohesion resists microtubule forces, generating tension, which provides the signal that biorientation has occurred. How tension silences the surveillance pathways that prevent cell cycle progression and correct erroneous kinetochore-microtubule attachments remains unclear. Here we show that SUMOylation dampens error correction to allow stable sister kinetochore biorientation and timely anaphase onset. The Siz1/Siz2 SUMO ligases modify the pericentromere-localized shugoshin (Sgo1) protein before its tension-dependent release from chromatin. Sgo1 SUMOylation reduces its binding to protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), and weakening of this interaction is important for stable biorientation. Unstable biorientation in SUMO-deficient cells is associated with persistence of the chromosome passenger complex (CPC) at centromeres, and SUMOylation of CPC subunit Bir1 also contributes to timely anaphase onset. We propose that SUMOylation acts in a combinatorial manner to facilitate dismantling of the error correction machinery within pericentromeres and thereby sharpen the metaphase-anaphase transition.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202005130
Number of pages30
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Volume220
Issue number7
Early online date30 Apr 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 30 Apr 2021

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