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Polymorphisms in the TNIP1 gene encoding A20-binding inhibitor of NF-κB1 (ABIN1) predispose to lupus and other autoimmune diseases in at least eight different human populations. We found previously that knock-in mice expressing a ubiquitin-binding-defective mutant of ABIN1 (ABIN1[D485N]) develop autoimmunity as they age and succumb to a disease resembling lupus nephritis in humans. Here we report that Flt3-derived dendritic cells from these mice overproduced Type1 IFNs upon stimulation with ligands that activate TLR7 or TLR9. However, crossing the ABIN1[D485N] mice to IFNAR1 knock-out mice that do not express the α-subunit of the Type1 IFN receptor, did not prevent splenomegaly, the appearance of high serum levels of auto-antibodies and other Igs, or liver inflammation, and only reduced kidney inflammation modestly. In contrast, crossing the ABIN1[D485N] mice to knock-in mice expressing catalytically inactive mutants of IRAK1 or IRAK4 prevented splenomegaly, autoimmunity, liver and kidney inflammation. Our results support the notion that IRAK1 and/or IRAK4 are attractive targets for the development of drugs to prevent, and perhaps treat, lupus nephritis and other auto-inflammatory diseases caused by decreased ability of ABIN1 or other proteins to restrict the strength of MyD88 signaling.
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