Synthesis, characterization and surface modification of ZnCrFeO4 nanoparticles

Amal Hamed, Alexander G. Fitzgerald, Lijun Wang, Mariana Gueorguieva, Ritu Malik, Andreas Melzer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)


    The aim of this research was to investigate zinc chromium ferrite (ZnCrFeO) nanoparticles, synthesized using the sol gel technique with nanoparticle size controlled through a two-stage annealing process. Stage one was a low temperature firing which produced low quality nanocrystals with an average size of 15 nm. This was followed by a second firing stage at high temperature which enhanced the crystal quality. The nanoparticles were then coated with a bio-compatible shell to form a stable suspension in the ferrofluid carrier. The resulting nanoparticles were found by electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy and X-ray diffraction studies to have excellent crystal quality. The average size was 8.5 nm. Preliminary cell culture studies indicated the ZnCrFeO nanoparticles were non-toxic. The relatively high measured value of the relaxivity r showed that the nanoparticle coating was effective in substantially reducing aggregation and enhancing the properties of the nanoparticles associated with contrast enhancement in MRI.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1623-1628
    Number of pages6
    JournalMaterials Science and Engineering: C
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2013


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