Tailored surface energy of stainless steel plate coupons to reduce the adhesion of aluminium silicate deposit

Ratale Matjie (Lead / Corresponding author), Shuai Zhang (Lead / Corresponding author), Qi Zhao, Nhlanganiso Mabuza, John R. Bunt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)
140 Downloads (Pure)


Fouling in heat exchangers not only reduces heat transfer performance significantly, but also causes considerable pressure drop, resulting in higher pumping requirements. It would be much more desirable if surfaces which are inherently less prone towards fouling could be developed. In this paper, autocatalytic Nickel-Phosphorus-Polytetrafluoroethylene (Ni-P-PTFE) composite coatings and modified diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings were applied to the coupons of the 316L stainless steel plates. The effects of surface energies of the coatings on the adhesion of aluminium silicate fouling were investigated and the best surface energy for which the fouling adhesion is lowest was obtained. The experimental results show that the coating with the most favourable surface energy reduced the adhesion of aluminium silicate deposit by 97%, compared with uncoated stainless steel plate coupons. The anti-fouling mechanism of the coatings was explained with the extended Deryagin, Landau, Verwey and Overbeek (DLVO) theory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-578
Number of pages6
Early online date13 May 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016



  • Aluminium silicate
  • DLC coating
  • Fouling
  • Ni-P-PTFE coating
  • Stainless steel
  • Surface energy

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