TAK1 protein kinase activity is required for TLR signalling and cytokine production in myeloid cells

Melissa Rodrigues, Tsvetana Petrova, Brendan Tibbs, J. Simon C. Arthur, Philip Cohen (Lead / Corresponding author)

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Abstract

A conditional knock-in mouse was generated in which the TAK1 catalytic subunit was largely replaced by the kinase-inactive TAK1[D175A] mutant in immune cells. The activation of p38α MAP kinase, c-Jun N-terminal kinases 1 and 2 (JNK1/2) and the canonical IKK complex induced by stimulation with several TLR-activating ligands was reduced in bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM) from TAK1[D175A] mice. TLR signalling in TAK1[D175A] BMDM was catalysed by the residual wild-type TAK1 in these cells because it was abolished by either of two structurally unrelated TAK1 inhibitors (NG25 and 5Z-7-oxozeaenol) whose off-target effects do not overlap. The secretion of inflammatory mediators and production of the mRNAs encoding these cytokines induced by TLR ligation was greatly reduced in peritoneal neutrophils or BMDM from TAK1[D175A] mice. The Pam3CSK4- or LPS-stimulated activation of MAP kinases and the canonical IKK complex, as well as cytokine secretion, was also abolished in TAK1 knock-out human THP1 monocytes or macrophages. The results establish that TAK1 protein kinase activity is required for TLR-dependent signalling and cytokine secretion in myeloid cells from mice. We discuss possible reasons why other investigators, studying myeloid mice with a conditional knock-out of TAK1 or a different conditional kinase-inactive knock-in of TAK1, reported TAK1 to be a negative regulator of LPS-signalling and cytokine production in mouse macrophages and neutrophils.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1891-1907
Number of pages17
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume479
Issue number17
Early online date5 Sep 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Sep 2022

Keywords

  • MyD88
  • immune cell signaling
  • toll-like receptors

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