Tales of the unexpected: Executive function and person perception

CN Macrae, GV Bodenhausen, Astrid M. Schloerscheidt, AB Milne

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    90 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The present research investigated the role of executive functioning in person perception. Given the assumption that perceivers' recollective preference For unexpected material relies on the operation of an executive cognitive process fie., inconsistency resolution), it was anticipated that only under dual-task conditions in which executive functioning is impaired would one expect inconsistency resolution to be impaired and perceivers' memory bias for unexpected material to be eliminated. When concurrent mental activity impairs the operation of nonexecutive cognitive operations, inconsistency resolution and the related process of individuation were not expected to be impaired. The results of 2 experiments using different memory measures (e,g., free recall and source identification) supported these predictions. The findings are considered in the context of contemporary issues in person perception and executive functioning.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)200-213
    Number of pages14
    JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
    Volume76
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 1999

    Keywords

    • INFORMATION
    • AMNESIC PATIENTS
    • ORGANIZATION
    • RECALL
    • FRONTAL-LOBE LESIONS
    • WORKING-MEMORY
    • STEREOTYPES
    • SOURCE MEMORY
    • RECOLLECTION
    • RETRIEVAL-PROCESSES

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