Integrated teaching and problem-based learning (PBL) are powerful educational strategies. Difficulties arise, however, in their application in the later years of the undergraduate medical curriculum, particularly in clinical attachments. Two solutions have been proposed - the use of integrated clinical teaching teams and time allocated during the week for PBL separate from the clinical work. Both approaches have significant disadvantages. Task-based learning (TBL) is a preferred strategy. In TBL, a range of tasks undertaken by a doctor are identified, e.g. management of a patient with abdominal pain, and these are used as the focus for learning. Students have responsibility for integrating their learning round the tasks as they move through a range of clinical attachments in different disciplines. They are assisted in this process by study guides.
Harden, R. M., Crosby, J., Davis, M. H., Howie, P. W., & Struthers, A. D. (2000). Task-based learning: the answer to integration and problem-based learning in the clinical years. Medical Education, 34(5), 391-397. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2923.2000.00698.x