Temperature-sensitive ipl1-2/Aurora B mutation is suppressed by mutations in TOR complex 1 via the Glc7/PP1 phosphatase

Kelly Tatchell, Vasso Makrantoni, Michael J. R. Stark, Lucy C. Robinson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Ipl1/Aurora B is the catalytic subunit of a complex that is required for chromosome segregation and nuclear division. Before anaphase, Ipl1 localizes to kinetochores, where it is required to establish proper kinetochore-microtubule associations and regulate the spindle assembly checkpoint. The protein phosphatase Glc7/PP1 opposes Ipl1 for some of these activities. To more thoroughly characterize the Glc7 phosphatase that opposes Ipl1, we have identified mutations that suppress the thermosensitivity of an ipl1-2 mutant. In addition to mutations in genes previously associated with ipl1 suppression, we recovered a null mutant in TCO89, which encodes a subunit of the TOR complex 1 (TORC1), the conserved rapamycin-sensitive kinase activity that regulates cell growth in response to nutritional status. The temperature sensitivity of ipl1-2 can also be suppressed by null mutation of TOR1 or by administration of pharmacological TORC1 inhibitors, indicating that reduced TORC1 activity is responsible for the suppression. Suppression of the ipl1-2 growth defect is accompanied by increased fidelity of chromosome segregation and increased phosphorylation of the Ipl1 substrates histone H3 and Dam1. Nuclear Glc7 levels are reduced in a tco89 mutant, suggesting that TORC1 activity is required for the nuclear accumulation of Glc7. In addition, several mutant GLC7 alleles that suppress the temperature sensitivity of ipl1-2 exhibit negative synthetic genetic interactions with TORC1 mutants. Together, our results suggest that TORC1 positively regulates the Glc7 activity that opposes Ipl1 and provide a mechanism to tie nutritional status with mitotic regulation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3994-3999
    Number of pages6
    JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
    Volume108
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 8 Mar 2011

    Keywords

    • KINETOCHORE-MICROTUBULE ATTACHMENT
    • CELL-CYCLE PROGRESSION
    • SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE
    • AURORA-B
    • PROTEIN-KINASE
    • BUDDING YEAST
    • CHROMOSOME SEGREGATION
    • PHOSPHOPROTEOME REVEALS
    • GROWTH CONTROL
    • SPINDLE

    Cite this

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    title = "Temperature-sensitive ipl1-2/Aurora B mutation is suppressed by mutations in TOR complex 1 via the Glc7/PP1 phosphatase",
    abstract = "Ipl1/Aurora B is the catalytic subunit of a complex that is required for chromosome segregation and nuclear division. Before anaphase, Ipl1 localizes to kinetochores, where it is required to establish proper kinetochore-microtubule associations and regulate the spindle assembly checkpoint. The protein phosphatase Glc7/PP1 opposes Ipl1 for some of these activities. To more thoroughly characterize the Glc7 phosphatase that opposes Ipl1, we have identified mutations that suppress the thermosensitivity of an ipl1-2 mutant. In addition to mutations in genes previously associated with ipl1 suppression, we recovered a null mutant in TCO89, which encodes a subunit of the TOR complex 1 (TORC1), the conserved rapamycin-sensitive kinase activity that regulates cell growth in response to nutritional status. The temperature sensitivity of ipl1-2 can also be suppressed by null mutation of TOR1 or by administration of pharmacological TORC1 inhibitors, indicating that reduced TORC1 activity is responsible for the suppression. Suppression of the ipl1-2 growth defect is accompanied by increased fidelity of chromosome segregation and increased phosphorylation of the Ipl1 substrates histone H3 and Dam1. Nuclear Glc7 levels are reduced in a tco89 mutant, suggesting that TORC1 activity is required for the nuclear accumulation of Glc7. In addition, several mutant GLC7 alleles that suppress the temperature sensitivity of ipl1-2 exhibit negative synthetic genetic interactions with TORC1 mutants. Together, our results suggest that TORC1 positively regulates the Glc7 activity that opposes Ipl1 and provide a mechanism to tie nutritional status with mitotic regulation.",
    keywords = "KINETOCHORE-MICROTUBULE ATTACHMENT, CELL-CYCLE PROGRESSION, SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE, AURORA-B, PROTEIN-KINASE, BUDDING YEAST, CHROMOSOME SEGREGATION, PHOSPHOPROTEOME REVEALS, GROWTH CONTROL, SPINDLE",
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    language = "English",
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    Temperature-sensitive ipl1-2/Aurora B mutation is suppressed by mutations in TOR complex 1 via the Glc7/PP1 phosphatase. / Tatchell, Kelly; Makrantoni, Vasso; Stark, Michael J. R.; Robinson, Lucy C.

    In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 108, No. 10, 08.03.2011, p. 3994-3999.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Temperature-sensitive ipl1-2/Aurora B mutation is suppressed by mutations in TOR complex 1 via the Glc7/PP1 phosphatase

    AU - Tatchell, Kelly

    AU - Makrantoni, Vasso

    AU - Stark, Michael J. R.

    AU - Robinson, Lucy C.

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    N2 - Ipl1/Aurora B is the catalytic subunit of a complex that is required for chromosome segregation and nuclear division. Before anaphase, Ipl1 localizes to kinetochores, where it is required to establish proper kinetochore-microtubule associations and regulate the spindle assembly checkpoint. The protein phosphatase Glc7/PP1 opposes Ipl1 for some of these activities. To more thoroughly characterize the Glc7 phosphatase that opposes Ipl1, we have identified mutations that suppress the thermosensitivity of an ipl1-2 mutant. In addition to mutations in genes previously associated with ipl1 suppression, we recovered a null mutant in TCO89, which encodes a subunit of the TOR complex 1 (TORC1), the conserved rapamycin-sensitive kinase activity that regulates cell growth in response to nutritional status. The temperature sensitivity of ipl1-2 can also be suppressed by null mutation of TOR1 or by administration of pharmacological TORC1 inhibitors, indicating that reduced TORC1 activity is responsible for the suppression. Suppression of the ipl1-2 growth defect is accompanied by increased fidelity of chromosome segregation and increased phosphorylation of the Ipl1 substrates histone H3 and Dam1. Nuclear Glc7 levels are reduced in a tco89 mutant, suggesting that TORC1 activity is required for the nuclear accumulation of Glc7. In addition, several mutant GLC7 alleles that suppress the temperature sensitivity of ipl1-2 exhibit negative synthetic genetic interactions with TORC1 mutants. Together, our results suggest that TORC1 positively regulates the Glc7 activity that opposes Ipl1 and provide a mechanism to tie nutritional status with mitotic regulation.

    AB - Ipl1/Aurora B is the catalytic subunit of a complex that is required for chromosome segregation and nuclear division. Before anaphase, Ipl1 localizes to kinetochores, where it is required to establish proper kinetochore-microtubule associations and regulate the spindle assembly checkpoint. The protein phosphatase Glc7/PP1 opposes Ipl1 for some of these activities. To more thoroughly characterize the Glc7 phosphatase that opposes Ipl1, we have identified mutations that suppress the thermosensitivity of an ipl1-2 mutant. In addition to mutations in genes previously associated with ipl1 suppression, we recovered a null mutant in TCO89, which encodes a subunit of the TOR complex 1 (TORC1), the conserved rapamycin-sensitive kinase activity that regulates cell growth in response to nutritional status. The temperature sensitivity of ipl1-2 can also be suppressed by null mutation of TOR1 or by administration of pharmacological TORC1 inhibitors, indicating that reduced TORC1 activity is responsible for the suppression. Suppression of the ipl1-2 growth defect is accompanied by increased fidelity of chromosome segregation and increased phosphorylation of the Ipl1 substrates histone H3 and Dam1. Nuclear Glc7 levels are reduced in a tco89 mutant, suggesting that TORC1 activity is required for the nuclear accumulation of Glc7. In addition, several mutant GLC7 alleles that suppress the temperature sensitivity of ipl1-2 exhibit negative synthetic genetic interactions with TORC1 mutants. Together, our results suggest that TORC1 positively regulates the Glc7 activity that opposes Ipl1 and provide a mechanism to tie nutritional status with mitotic regulation.

    KW - KINETOCHORE-MICROTUBULE ATTACHMENT

    KW - CELL-CYCLE PROGRESSION

    KW - SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE

    KW - AURORA-B

    KW - PROTEIN-KINASE

    KW - BUDDING YEAST

    KW - CHROMOSOME SEGREGATION

    KW - PHOSPHOPROTEOME REVEALS

    KW - GROWTH CONTROL

    KW - SPINDLE

    U2 - 10.1073/pnas.1014406108

    DO - 10.1073/pnas.1014406108

    M3 - Article

    VL - 108

    SP - 3994

    EP - 3999

    JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

    JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

    SN - 0027-8424

    IS - 10

    ER -