Textural characterization of histopathological images for oral sub-mucous fibrosis detection

Muthu Rama Krishnan Mookiah, P. Shah, A. Choudhary, C. Chakraborty, R.R. Paul, A.K. Ray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


In the field of quantitative microscopy, textural information plays a significant role very often in tissue characterization and diagnosis, in addition to morphology and intensity. The aim of this work is to improve the classification accuracy based on textural features for the development of a computer assisted screening of oral sub-mucous fibrosis (OSF). In fact, a systematic approach is introduced in order to grade the histopathological tissue sections into normal, OSF without dysplasia and OSF with dysplasia, which would help the oral onco-pathologists to screen the subjects rapidly. In totality, 71 textural features are extracted from epithelial region of the tissue sections using various wavelet families, Gabor-wavelet, local binary pattern, fractal dimension and Brownian motion curve, followed by preprocessing and segmentation. Wavelet families contribute a common set of 9 features, out of which 8 are significant and other 61 out of 62 obtained from the rest of the extractors are also statistically significant (p < 0.05) in discriminating the three stages. Based on mean distance criteria, the best wavelet family (i.e., biorthogonal3.1 (bior3.1)) is selected for classifier design. support vector machine (SVM) is trained by 146 samples based on 69 textural features and its classification accuracy is computed for each of the combinations of wavelet family and rest of the extractors. Finally, it has been investigated that bior3.1 wavelet coefficients leads to higher accuracy (88.38%) in combination with LBP and Gabor wavelet features through three-fold cross validation. Results are shown and discussed in detail. It is shown that combining more than one texture measure instead of using just one might improve the overall accuracy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-330
Number of pages13
JournalTissue & cell
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011


  • Texture
  • Wavelet family
  • Gabor-wavelet
  • Brownian motion curve
  • Local binary pattern
  • Support vector machine
  • Histopathology
  • Oral sub-mucous fibrosis


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