Texture based segmentation of epithelial layer from oral histological images

Muthu Rama Krishnan Mookiah, Anirudh Choudhary, C. Chakraborty, A.K. Ray, R.R. Paul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to provide a texture based segmentation algorithm for better delineation of the epithelial layer from histological images in discriminating normal and oral sub-mucous fibrosis (OSF). As per literature and oral clinicians, it is established that the OSF initially originates and propagates in the epithelial layer. So, more accurate segmentation of this layer is extremely important for a clinician to make a diagnostic decision. In doing this, Gabor based texture gradient is computed in gray scale images, followed by preprocessing of the microscopic images of oral histological sections. On the other hand, the color gradients of these images are obtained in the transformed Lab color space. Finally, the watershed segmentation is extended to segment the layer based on the combination of texture and color gradients. The segmented images are compared with the ground truth images provided by the oral experts. The segmentation results depict the superiority of the texture based segmentation in comparison to the Otsu's based segmentation in terms of misclassification error. Results are shown and discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)632-641
Number of pages10
JournalMicron
Volume42
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

Keywords

  • Texture
  • Watershed segmentation
  • Oral histology
  • Quantitative microscopy

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