The adenomatous polyposis coli protein 30 years on

James Abbott, Inke S. Nathke (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
40 Downloads (Pure)


Mutations in the gene encoding the Adenomatous polyposis coli protein (APC) were discovered as driver mutations in colorectal cancers almost 30 years ago. Since then, the importance of APC in normal tissue homeostasis has been confirmed in a plethora of other (model) organisms spanning a large evolutionary space. APC is a multifunctional protein, with roles as a key scaffold protein in complexes involved in diverse signalling pathways, most prominently the Wnt signalling pathway. APC is also a cytoskeletal regulator with direct and indirect links to and impacts on all three major cytoskeletal networks. Correspondingly, a wide range of APC binding partners have been identified. Mutations in APC are extremely strongly associated with colorectal cancers, particularly those that result in the production of truncated proteins and the loss of significant regions from the remaining protein. Understanding the complement of its role in health and disease requires knowing the relationship between and regulation of its diverse functions and interactions. This in turn requires understanding its structural and biochemical features. Here we set out to provide a brief overview of the roles and function of APC and then explore its conservation and structure using the extensive sequence data, which is now available, and spans a broad range of taxonomy. This revealed conservation of APC across taxonomy and new relationships between different APC protein families.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-34
Number of pages7
JournalSeminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
Early online date22 Apr 2023
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023


  • Adenomatous Polyposis Coli
  • Sequence alignment
  • Disordered regions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology


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