The Adenomatous Polyposis coli (APC) gene is mutated or lost in most colon cancers, and the APC protein has emerged as a multifunctional protein that is not only involved in the Wnt-regulated degradation of ß-catenin, but also regulates cytoskeletal proteins and thus plays a role in cell migration, cell adhesion, and mitosis. The gut epithelium is uniquely dependent on an intricate balance between a number of fundamental cellular processes including migration, differentiation, adhesion, apoptosis, and mitosis. In this review, I discuss the molecular mechanisms that govern the various functions of APC and their relationship to the role of APC in colon cancer.
|Number of pages||30|
|Journal||Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|