Background. The long-term effect of viral infections on graft dysfunction and rejection after renal transplantation is uncertain.
Methods. A cohort of 37 renal transplant recipients was followed prospectively for 3 years. Creatinine clearance rate at 6 months and 3 years and chronic allograft nephropathy were correlated with the detection of cytomegalovirus (CMV), human herpesvirus 6 and human herpesvirus 7 and BK virus DNA, CMV disease, and acute rejection.
Results. CMV disease was significantly associated with poor graft function at 6 months, whereas chronic allograft nephropathy was associated with graft dysfunction at 3 years. Both CMV disease and detection of human herpesvirus 6 DNA were associated with chronic allograft nephropathy.
Conclusions. CMV disease was a significant cause of early graft dysfunction, whereas the presence of chronic allograft nephropathy was the main determinant of poor long-term graft function. The role of viral infections in chronic allograft nephropathy deserves further investigation.
|Number of pages||3|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|