The specification of shielding for fluoroscopic facilities in the UK is based on the determination of scatter incident on a barrier using a simple formula linking kerma area product and scatter kerma. Over the last few years there has been a move to incorporate additional copper filtration in equipment used for high dose fluoroscopic and interventional examinations, and the existing formula does not take this into account. The spectral and transmission characteristics of the scattered radiation resulting from a primary x-ray beam filtered with additional copper are not known. In this study, the relationship between primary and scattered radiation in these beams has been investigated as have their transmission characteristics. The scatter kerma area product from filtered beams is shown to be greater than that from conventional x-rays and a simple numerical correction linking the two has been derived. The implications for shielding calculations have been assessed and the impact of the correction on calculated barrier thickness has been shown to be relatively small. The broad beam transmission characteristics of the radiation scattered from the filtered beams have been simulated using Monte Carlo methods and found to be adequately described by the standard transmission equation using conventional coefficients.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Journal of Radiological Protection|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|