We report initial results from a quasi-simultaneous X-ray/optical observing campaign targeting V4046 Sgr, a close, synchronous-rotating classical T Tauri star (CTTS) binary in which both components are actively accreting. V4046 Sgr is a strong X-ray source, with the X-rays mainly arising from high-density (n e~ 1011-1012 cm-3) plasma at temperatures of 3-4 MK. Our multi-wavelength campaign aims to simultaneously constrain the properties of this X-ray-emitting plasma, the large-scale magnetic field, and the accretion geometry. In this paper, we present key results obtained via time-resolved X-ray-grating spectra, gathered in a 360 ks XMM-Newton observation that covered 2.2 system rotations. We find that the emission lines produced by this high-density plasma display periodic flux variations with a measured period, 1.22 ± 0.01 d, that is precisely half that of the binary star system (2.42 d). The observed rotational modulation can be explained assuming that the high-density plasma occupies small portions of the stellar surfaces, corotating with the stars, and that the high-density plasma is not azimuthally symmetrically distributed with respect to the rotational axis of each star. These results strongly support models in which high-density, X-ray-emitting CTTS plasma is material heated in accretion shocks, located at the base of accretion flows tied to the system by magnetic field lines.
- : accretion, accretion disks
- stars: individual (V4046 Sgr)
- stars: magnetic field
- stars: pre-main sequence
- stars: variables: T Tauri, Herbig Ae/Be
- X-rays: stars
Argiroffi, C., Maggio, A., Montmerle, T., Huenemoerder, D. P., Alecian, E., Audard, M., Bouvier, J., Damiani, F., Donati, J. -F., Gregory, S. G., Güdel, M., Hussain, G. A. J., Kastner, J. H., & Sacco, G. G. (2012). The Close T Tauri Binary System V4046 Sgr: Rotationally Modulated X-Ray Emission from Accretion Shocks. Astrophysical Journal, 752(2), . https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/752/2/100