The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2023/24: Enzymes

Stephen P H Alexander, Doriano Fabbro, Eamonn Kelly, Alistair A Mathie, John A Peters, Emma L Veale, Jane F Armstrong, Elena Faccenda, Simon D Harding, Jamie A Davies, Stephanie Annett, Detlev Boison, Kathryn Elisa Burns, Carmen Dessauer, Jurg Gertsch, Nuala Ann Helsby, Angelo A Izzo, Rennolds Ostrom, Andreas Papapetropoulos, Nigel J PyneSusan Pyne, Tracy Robson, Roland Seifert, Johannes-Peter Stasch, Csaba Szabo, Mario van der Stelt, Albert van der Vliet, Val Watts, Szu Shen Wong

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    73 Citations (Scopus)
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    The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2023/24 is the sixth in this series of biennial publications. The Concise Guide provides concise overviews, mostly in tabular format, of the key properties of approximately 1800 drug targets, and about 6000 interactions with about 3900 ligands. There is an emphasis on selective pharmacology (where available), plus links to the open access knowledgebase source of drug targets and their ligands (, which provides more detailed views of target and ligand properties. Although the Concise Guide constitutes almost 500 pages, the material presented is substantially reduced compared to information and links presented on the website. It provides a permanent, citable, point-in-time record that will survive database updates. The full contents of this section can be found at In addition to this overview, in which are identified 'Other protein targets' which fall outside of the subsequent categorisation, there are six areas of focus: G protein-coupled receptors, ion channels, nuclear hormone receptors, catalytic receptors, enzymes and transporters. These are presented with nomenclature guidance and summary information on the best available pharmacological tools, alongside key references and suggestions for further reading. The landscape format of the Concise Guide is designed to facilitate comparison of related targets from material contemporary to mid-2023, and supersedes data presented in the 2021/22, 2019/20, 2017/18, 2015/16 and 2013/14 Concise Guides and previous Guides to Receptors and Channels. It is produced in close conjunction with the Nomenclature and Standards Committee of the International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology (NC-IUPHAR), therefore, providing official IUPHAR classification and nomenclature for human drug targets, where appropriate.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)S289-S373
    Number of pages85
    JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
    Issue numberS2
    Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2023


    • Humans
    • Databases, Pharmaceutical
    • Ligands
    • Ion Channels
    • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
    • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear


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