The construction of a pun generator for language skills development

Ruli Manurung, Graeme Ritchie, Helen Pain, Annalu Waller, Dave O'Mara, Rolf Black

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    47 Citations (Scopus)


    Since the early 1990s, there have been a number of small-scale computer programs that automatically constructed simple verbal jokes (puns), but none of these were fully developed systems that could be used for a practical application. We describe the building and testing of the STANDUP program - a large-scale, robust, interactive, user-friendly pun-generator (inspired by Binsted's JAPE program), which is aimed at allowing children, particularly those with communication disabilities, to develop their linguistic skills. The STANDUP system was designed in consultation with potential users and suitable experts, was rigorously engineered using public-domain linguistic data, and has a special purpose, child-friendly, graphical user interface. The software was tested successfully with real users (children with complex communication needs).

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)841-869
    Number of pages29
    JournalApplied Artificial Intelligence
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008




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