The Current Status and Future of Andrology: A Consensus Report from the Cairo Workshop Group

Christopher Barratt (Lead / Corresponding author), David Mortimer (Lead / Corresponding author), Medhat Amer, Elisabetta Baldi, Christopher De Jonge, Mohamed Fawzy, Niels Jørgensen, Csilla Krausz, Ali Mahran, Sarah MartinsdaSilva, Sharon Mortimer, Allan Pacey, Stephen Publicover

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)
221 Downloads (Pure)


Background: In attempting to formulate potential WHO guidelines for the diagnosis of male infertility, the Evidence Synthesis Group noted a paucity of high-quality data on which to base key recommendations. As a result, a number of authors suggested that key areas of research/evidence gaps should be identified, so that appropriate funding and policy actions could be undertaken to help address key questions. Objectives: The overall objective of this Consensus workshop was to clarify current knowledge and deficits in clinical laboratory andrology, so that clear paths for future development could be navigated. Materials and Methods: Following a detailed literature review, each author, prior to the face-to-face meeting, prepared a summary of their topic and submitted a PowerPoint presentation. The topics covered were (a) Diagnostic testing in male fertility and infertility, (b) Male fertility/infertility in the modern world, (c) Clinical management of male infertility, and (d) The overuse of ICSI. At the meeting in Cairo on February 18, 2019, the evidence was presented and discussed and a series of consensus points agreed. Results: The paper presents a background and summary of the evidence relating to these four topics and addresses key points of significance. Following discussion of the evidence, a total of 36 consensus points were agreed. Discussion: The Discussion section presents areas where there was further debate and key areas that were highlighted during the day. Conclusion: The consensus points provide clear statements of evidence gaps and/or potential future research areas/topics. Appropriate funding streams addressing these can be prioritized and consequently, in the short and medium term, answers provided. By using this strategic approach, andrology can make the rapid progress necessary to address key scientific, clinical, and societal challenges that face our discipline now and in the near future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-52
Number of pages26
Issue number1
Early online date6 Nov 2019
Publication statusPublished - 5 Dec 2019


  • ICSI
  • environmental influences
  • epigenetics
  • fertility
  • genetics
  • male reproductive health
  • semen analysis
  • sperm DNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Endocrinology
  • Urology


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