This article considers drivers of second job holding among the self-employed in comparison with the employed. Econometric analysis of panel data explores whether the self-employed are more or less likely to take on a second job when already running their own business than their employed counterparts. The findings contribute to the literature through identification of a need-based variable—difficulty in meeting housing costs—as a key driver of movements from self-employment to hybrid entrepreneurship. Findings, further, identify different patterns of second job holding by gender, particularly among self-employed individuals.
Atherton, A., Ortigão-Farias, J. R., Wheatley, D., Wu, D., & Wu, Z. (2016). The decision to moonlight: does second job holding by the self‐employed and employed differ? Industrial Relations Journal, 47(3), 279-299. https://doi.org/10.1111/irj.12135