The divided visual field methodology has been used to examine a wide variety of lateralised processes. When conducting such studies it is important to employ a number of strict controls in order to maximise the effectiveness of the paradigm for examining the processing of stimuli by each hemisphere. The use of these controls is discussed in this paper. The following issues are discussed: selection of participants; methods of fixation control; presenting stimuli unilaterally; methods of responding; and measures that can be taken. The use of the divided visual field paradigm to examine interhemispheric cooperation is also discussed. Employing the recommended controls provides an effective and relatively easy method of examining the role of each hemisphere in the processing of stimuli.