The effect of adding graphene oxide nanoplatelets to Portland cement: Potential for dental applications

Abubaker S. Qutieshat (Lead / Corresponding author), Ahmad S. Al-Hiyasat, Mohammad Islam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
174 Downloads (Pure)


Background: The potential of graphene‑based materials to improve the physiomechanical properties of Portland cement‑based materials without compromising biocompatibility is of interest to dental researchers and remains to be discovered.

Aim: This study investigated the effects of adding graphene oxide nanoplatelets (GONPs) on the surface microhardness and biocompatibility of Portland cement.

Materials and Methods: Three prototype Portland cement powder formulations were prepared by adding 0, 1, and 3 wt % GONPs in powder form to Portland cement. Prototype cement specimens were in the form of disks, with a diameter of 10 mm and a thickness of 2 mm. In experiment 1, surface microhardness was measured using the through indenter viewing hardness tester, 20 surface hardness values were obtained from all specimens. In experiment 2, Balb/C 3T3 fibroblasts were cultured with the material disks and the viability of cells was evaluated using the 3‑(4,5‑dimethylthiazol‑2‑yl)‑2,5‑diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay.

Statistical Analysis: The data were analyzed using the analysis of variance followed by Dunnett test (α = 0.05) or Tukey test (α = 0.05).

Results: In response to material disks, the addition of 1 wt % GONPs had a proliferative effect on cells at day 3 and day 7 with a significant difference from the control. The addition of 3 wt % GONPs showed a remarkable increase in surface microhardness; however, it exhibited initial cytotoxicity.

Conclusions: The addition of 1 wt % GONPs to Portland cement improved surface microhardness without compromising biocompatibility; therefore, it has a greater potential for dental applications. The results of this work give other researchers leads in future assessments of this prototype material.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-20
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Conservative Dentistry
Issue number1
Early online date10 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Biocompatibility
  • fibroblasts
  • graphene
  • hardness
  • nanoplatelets
  • Nanoplatelets
  • Grapheme
  • Fibroblasts
  • Hardness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry


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