Increasing animal evidence support an important facilitatory interaction between angiotensin II and norepinephrine within the kidney. This angiotensin II/norepinephrine interaction was investigated in man by examining the effect of enalapril pretreatment (5 mg for 5 days) on the renal response to a low non-pressor dose of intravenous tyramine 4 micrograms/kg/min for 120 min in 8 healthy subjects undergoing water diuresis. Tyramine is an indirect sympathomimetic agent which causes neuronal release of norepinephrine. Enalapril and tyramine, alone and in combination, had no effect on glomerular filtration, effective renal plasma flow or sodium excretion. Tyramine caused a significant increase in urinary flow rate (p <0.05) but this was not influenced by enalapril pretreatment. The lack of effect of enalapril on the renal response to tyramine contrasts with a previous study which examined the effect of enalapril on the renal response to circulating norepinephrine. This may suggest that enalapril affect renal function only when there is renal vasoconstriction (as with norepinephrine) and not when renal blood flow is unchanged (as with tyramine).
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|