The effectiveness of EIA as an instrument for environmental governance: reflecting on 25 years of EIA practice in the Netherlands and the UK

Jos Arts, Hens A. Runhaar, Thomas B. Fischer, Urmila Jha-Thakur, Frank Van Laerhoven, Peter P. J. Driessen, Vincent Onyango

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    82 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The European Union (EU) Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directive which was introduced some 25 years ago has had a major impact on decision-making practices in EU member states. In the professional literature, this impact has mostly been discussed under the heading of "effectiveness", with an emphasis being given in particular to procedural elements. The extent to which EIA has contributed to objectives, such as raising environmental awareness and leading to an incorporation of environmental values in decision-making has only been rarely investigated. This paper reflects on these latter two aspects of EIA effectiveness in two EU member states; the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. Empirical evidence was compiled mainly on the basis of a comprehensive literature review and online surveys with EIA professionals in both countries. Our results indicate that overall the instrument is about equally effective in both countries with regards to the incorporation of environmental concerns in decision-making. As both countries have different governance mechanisms, further research is needed on why perceived effectiveness does not differ more.


    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1250025
    Number of pages40
    JournalJournal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management
    Volume14
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012

    Keywords

    • Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
    • GOVERNANCE
    • Effectiveness
    • context
    • NETHERLANDS
    • United Kingdom

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    • 82 Citations
    • 1 Chapter (peer-reviewed)

    The effectiveness of EIA as an instrument for environmental governance: reflecting on 25 years of EIA practice in the Netherlands and the UK

    Arts, J., Runhaar, H. A. C., Fischer, T. B., Jha-Thakur, U., Van Laerhoven, F., Driessen, P. P. J. & Onyango, V., Feb 2016, Progress in Environmental Assessment Policy, and Management Theory in Practice. Fischer, T. B. (ed.). London: Imperial College Press, p. 171-210 30 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

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