The effectiveness of Greehouse Gas Emission Policies in Scottish Local Development Plans

Dumiso Moyo, Vincent Onyango, Neil Burford, Frances Wright

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report


Scottish Government commissioned ClimateXChange to assess the effectiveness of greenhouse gas emission reduction policies in Local Development Plans (LDPs) in promoting the uptake of Low and Zero-Carbon Generating Technologies (LZCGT). The Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009i sets a target to reduce Scotland’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 80 per cent by 2050ii. In addition, the Scottish Government has set a target for 100% of Scotland’s demand for electricity to be met from renewable sources by 2020iii. More than 40% of Scotland’s GHG emissions are a result of the heating, lighting and ventilation of buildings. A key tool in reducing this demand is the use of more efficient technology in all new buildings. Legislation now requires that all developments "… be designed to avoid a specified and rising proportion of the projected greenhouse gas emissions from their use, through the installation and operation of low and zero-carbon generating technologies" (Section 3F of the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1997, amended through the Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009). To date 14 Local Authorities have adopted specific Section 3F policies in their Local Development Plans since 2012. This study examined five of these authorities whose early implementation allows a sufficient set of applications for analysis. Examples of relevant technologies include hydro, wind, photovoltaics, solar thermal, biomass, all heat pumps and combined heat and power (CHP).

Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationUniversity of Dundee
Commissioning bodyScottish Government
Number of pages71
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016


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