The effects of radicals compared with UVB as initiating species for the induction of chronic cutaneous photodamage

Sally H. Ibbotson, Michael N. Moran, J. Frank Nash, Irene E. Kochevar

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    29 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    There is substantial evidence that ultraviolet radiation induces the formation of reactive oxygen species which are implicated as toxic intermediates in the pathogenesis of photoaging. The aim of this study was to determine whether repeated topical treatment with benzoyl peroxide, a source of free radicals, produced the same cutaneous effects as chronic ultraviolet B radiation. Three concentrations of benzoyl peroxide (0.1, 1.5, 5.0% wt/wt) and three cumulative fluences of ultraviolet B radiation (0.9, 2.2, 5.1 J per cm2) used alone and in all combinations along with appropriate controls. Female SKH1 (hr/hr) albino hairless mice were treated 5 d per wk for 12 wk. Extracellular matrix molecules and histologic parameters were assessed. Ultraviolet B radiation induced a fluence-dependent and time-dependent increase in skin-fold thickness. Fluence dependence was seen for epidermal thickness, sunburn cell numbers, dermal thickness, glycosaminoglycan content, mast cell numbers, and skin-fold thickness. Benzoyl peroxide treatment alone caused less marked increases in epidermal and dermal measures compared with ultraviolet B under the conditions used. A benzoyl peroxide concentration-dependent increase was only observed for elastin content, although the highest concentration of benzoyl peroxide increased epidermal thickness and glycosaminoglycan content. A synergistic interaction between ultraviolet B and benzoyl peroxide was not found. These results indicate that repeated administration of benzoyl peroxide produces skin changes in the hairless mouse that qualitatively resemble those produced by ultraviolet B and suggest that common mechanisms may be involved. In addition, any potential synergistic effect of ultraviolet B and benzoyl peroxide was below the level of detection used in this study.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)933-938
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
    Volume112
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 1999

    Keywords

    • Animals
    • Ultraviolet Rays
    • Skin Aging
    • Free Radical Scavengers
    • Absorption
    • Benzoyl Peroxide
    • Mice
    • Chronic Disease
    • Mice, Hairless
    • Reactive Oxygen Species
    • Female

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