Selenium (Se) deficiency in rats produced significant increases in the activity of hepatic glutathione S-transferase (GST) with 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene as substrate and in various GST isoenzymes when determined by radioimmunoassay. These changes is GST activity and concentration were associated with Se deficiency that was severe enough to provoke decreases of over 98% in hepatic Se-containing glutathione peroxidase activity (Se-GSHpx). However, decreases in hepatic Se-GSHpx of 60% induced by copper (Cu) deficiency had no effect on GST activity or concentration. Increased GST activity in Se deficiency has previously been postulated to be a compensatory response to loss of Se-GSHpx, since some GSTs have a non-Se-glutathione peroxidase (non-Se-GSHpx) activity. However, the GST isoenzymes determined in this study, GST Yb1Yb1, GST YcYc and GST YaYa, are known to have up to 30-fold differences in non-Se-GSHpx activity, but they were all significantly increased to a similar extent in the Se-deficient rats.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 1987|
- Glutathione Peroxidase/metabolism
- Glutathione Transferase/metabolism
- Rats, Inbred Strains