The future of Blue Carbon science

Peter I. Macreadie (Lead / Corresponding author), Andrea Anton, John A. Raven, Nicola Beaumont, Rod M. Connolly, Daniel A. Friess, Jeffrey J. Kelleway, Hilary Kennedy, Tomohiro Kuwae, Paul S. Lavery, Catherine E. Lovelock, Dan A. Smale, Eugenia T. Apostolaki, Trisha B. Atwood, Jeff Baldock, Thomas S. Bianchi, Gail L. Chmura, Bradley D. Eyre, James W. Fourqurean, Jason M. Hall-SpencerMark Huxham, Iris E. Hendriks, Dorte Krause-Jensen, Dan Laffoley, Tiziana Luisetti, Núria Marbà, Pere Masque, Karen J. McGlathery, J. Patrick Megonigal, Daniel Murdiyarso, Bayden D. Russell, Rui Santos, Oscar Serrano, Brian R. Silliman, Kenta Watanabe, Carlos M. Duarte

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    Abstract

    The term Blue Carbon (BC) was first coined a decade ago to describe the disproportionately large contribution of coastal vegetated ecosystems to global carbon sequestration. The role of BC in climate change mitigation and adaptation has now reached international prominence. To help prioritise future research, we assembled leading experts in the field to agree upon the top-ten pending questions in BC science. Understanding how climate change affects carbon accumulation in mature BC ecosystems and during their restoration was a high priority. Controversial questions included the role of carbonate and macroalgae in BC cycling, and the degree to which greenhouse gases are released following disturbance of BC ecosystems. Scientists seek improved precision of the extent of BC ecosystems; techniques to determine BC provenance; understanding of the factors that influence sequestration in BC ecosystems, with the corresponding value of BC; and the management actions that are effective in enhancing this value. Overall this overview provides a comprehensive road map for the coming decades on future research in BC science.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number3998
    Pages (from-to)1-13
    Number of pages13
    JournalNature Communications
    Volume10
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 5 Sep 2019

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    Carbon
    carbon
    ecosystems
    Ecosystem
    Ecosystems
    Climate Change
    climate change
    Climate change
    Carbon Sequestration
    Seaweed
    Carbonates
    greenhouses
    Greenhouse gases
    restoration
    Restoration
    carbonates
    Gases
    disturbances
    cycles

    Cite this

    Macreadie, P. I., Anton, A., Raven, J. A., Beaumont, N., Connolly, R. M., Friess, D. A., ... Duarte, C. M. (2019). The future of Blue Carbon science. Nature Communications, 10(1), 1-13. [3998]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-11693-w
    Macreadie, Peter I. ; Anton, Andrea ; Raven, John A. ; Beaumont, Nicola ; Connolly, Rod M. ; Friess, Daniel A. ; Kelleway, Jeffrey J. ; Kennedy, Hilary ; Kuwae, Tomohiro ; Lavery, Paul S. ; Lovelock, Catherine E. ; Smale, Dan A. ; Apostolaki, Eugenia T. ; Atwood, Trisha B. ; Baldock, Jeff ; Bianchi, Thomas S. ; Chmura, Gail L. ; Eyre, Bradley D. ; Fourqurean, James W. ; Hall-Spencer, Jason M. ; Huxham, Mark ; Hendriks, Iris E. ; Krause-Jensen, Dorte ; Laffoley, Dan ; Luisetti, Tiziana ; Marbà, Núria ; Masque, Pere ; McGlathery, Karen J. ; Megonigal, J. Patrick ; Murdiyarso, Daniel ; Russell, Bayden D. ; Santos, Rui ; Serrano, Oscar ; Silliman, Brian R. ; Watanabe, Kenta ; Duarte, Carlos M. / The future of Blue Carbon science. In: Nature Communications. 2019 ; Vol. 10, No. 1. pp. 1-13.
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    abstract = "The term Blue Carbon (BC) was first coined a decade ago to describe the disproportionately large contribution of coastal vegetated ecosystems to global carbon sequestration. The role of BC in climate change mitigation and adaptation has now reached international prominence. To help prioritise future research, we assembled leading experts in the field to agree upon the top-ten pending questions in BC science. Understanding how climate change affects carbon accumulation in mature BC ecosystems and during their restoration was a high priority. Controversial questions included the role of carbonate and macroalgae in BC cycling, and the degree to which greenhouse gases are released following disturbance of BC ecosystems. Scientists seek improved precision of the extent of BC ecosystems; techniques to determine BC provenance; understanding of the factors that influence sequestration in BC ecosystems, with the corresponding value of BC; and the management actions that are effective in enhancing this value. Overall this overview provides a comprehensive road map for the coming decades on future research in BC science.",
    author = "Macreadie, {Peter I.} and Andrea Anton and Raven, {John A.} and Nicola Beaumont and Connolly, {Rod M.} and Friess, {Daniel A.} and Kelleway, {Jeffrey J.} and Hilary Kennedy and Tomohiro Kuwae and Lavery, {Paul S.} and Lovelock, {Catherine E.} and Smale, {Dan A.} and Apostolaki, {Eugenia T.} and Atwood, {Trisha B.} and Jeff Baldock and Bianchi, {Thomas S.} and Chmura, {Gail L.} and Eyre, {Bradley D.} and Fourqurean, {James W.} and Hall-Spencer, {Jason M.} and Mark Huxham and Hendriks, {Iris E.} and Dorte Krause-Jensen and Dan Laffoley and Tiziana Luisetti and N{\'u}ria Marb{\`a} and Pere Masque and McGlathery, {Karen J.} and Megonigal, {J. Patrick} and Daniel Murdiyarso and Russell, {Bayden D.} and Rui Santos and Oscar Serrano and Silliman, {Brian R.} and Kenta Watanabe and Duarte, {Carlos M.}",
    note = "P.I.M. and C.E.L. were supported by an Australian Research Council Linkage Project (LP160100242). C.M.D. was supported by baseline funding from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. T.K. and K.W. were supported by JSPS KAKENHI (18H04156) and the Environment Research and Technology Development Fund (S-14) of the Ministry of the Environment, Japan. B.D.E. was supported by Australian Research Council grants DP160100248 and LP150100519. D.A.S. was supported by the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NE/K008439/1), and D.K.J. was supported by the CARMA project (8021-00222B), funded by the Independent Research Fund Denmark. Funding was provided to P.M. by the Generalitat de Catalunya (MERS, 2017SGR 1588) and an Australian Research Council LIEF Project (LE170100219). This work is contributing to the ICTA ‘Unit of Excellence’ (MinECo, MDM2015-0552). O.S. was supported by an ARC DECRA (DE170101524). N.M. was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness (MedShift project). N.B. was supported by the UK Research Councils under Natural Environment Research Council award NE/N013573/1. J.W.F. was supported by the US National Science Foundation through the Florida Coastal Everglades Long-Term Ecological Research program under Grant No. DEB-1237517. R.S. had the support of FCT, project FCT UID/MAR/00350/2018. I.E.H. was supported by Ramon y Cajal Fellowship RYC2014-14970, co-funded by the Conselleria d’Innovaci{\'o}, Recerca i Turisme of the Balearic Government and the Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness. The University of Dundee is a registered Scottish charity, no. 015096. J.P.M. was supported by the Smithsonian Institution and the National Science Foundation Long-Term Research in Environmental Biology Program (DEB-0950080, DEB-1457100, DEB-1557009).",
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    Macreadie, PI, Anton, A, Raven, JA, Beaumont, N, Connolly, RM, Friess, DA, Kelleway, JJ, Kennedy, H, Kuwae, T, Lavery, PS, Lovelock, CE, Smale, DA, Apostolaki, ET, Atwood, TB, Baldock, J, Bianchi, TS, Chmura, GL, Eyre, BD, Fourqurean, JW, Hall-Spencer, JM, Huxham, M, Hendriks, IE, Krause-Jensen, D, Laffoley, D, Luisetti, T, Marbà, N, Masque, P, McGlathery, KJ, Megonigal, JP, Murdiyarso, D, Russell, BD, Santos, R, Serrano, O, Silliman, BR, Watanabe, K & Duarte, CM 2019, 'The future of Blue Carbon science', Nature Communications, vol. 10, no. 1, 3998, pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-11693-w

    The future of Blue Carbon science. / Macreadie, Peter I. (Lead / Corresponding author); Anton, Andrea; Raven, John A.; Beaumont, Nicola; Connolly, Rod M.; Friess, Daniel A.; Kelleway, Jeffrey J.; Kennedy, Hilary; Kuwae, Tomohiro; Lavery, Paul S.; Lovelock, Catherine E.; Smale, Dan A.; Apostolaki, Eugenia T.; Atwood, Trisha B.; Baldock, Jeff; Bianchi, Thomas S.; Chmura, Gail L.; Eyre, Bradley D.; Fourqurean, James W.; Hall-Spencer, Jason M.; Huxham, Mark; Hendriks, Iris E.; Krause-Jensen, Dorte; Laffoley, Dan; Luisetti, Tiziana; Marbà, Núria; Masque, Pere; McGlathery, Karen J.; Megonigal, J. Patrick; Murdiyarso, Daniel; Russell, Bayden D.; Santos, Rui; Serrano, Oscar; Silliman, Brian R.; Watanabe, Kenta; Duarte, Carlos M.

    In: Nature Communications, Vol. 10, No. 1, 3998, 05.09.2019, p. 1-13.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    T1 - The future of Blue Carbon science

    AU - Macreadie, Peter I.

    AU - Anton, Andrea

    AU - Raven, John A.

    AU - Beaumont, Nicola

    AU - Connolly, Rod M.

    AU - Friess, Daniel A.

    AU - Kelleway, Jeffrey J.

    AU - Kennedy, Hilary

    AU - Kuwae, Tomohiro

    AU - Lavery, Paul S.

    AU - Lovelock, Catherine E.

    AU - Smale, Dan A.

    AU - Apostolaki, Eugenia T.

    AU - Atwood, Trisha B.

    AU - Baldock, Jeff

    AU - Bianchi, Thomas S.

    AU - Chmura, Gail L.

    AU - Eyre, Bradley D.

    AU - Fourqurean, James W.

    AU - Hall-Spencer, Jason M.

    AU - Huxham, Mark

    AU - Hendriks, Iris E.

    AU - Krause-Jensen, Dorte

    AU - Laffoley, Dan

    AU - Luisetti, Tiziana

    AU - Marbà, Núria

    AU - Masque, Pere

    AU - McGlathery, Karen J.

    AU - Megonigal, J. Patrick

    AU - Murdiyarso, Daniel

    AU - Russell, Bayden D.

    AU - Santos, Rui

    AU - Serrano, Oscar

    AU - Silliman, Brian R.

    AU - Watanabe, Kenta

    AU - Duarte, Carlos M.

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    PY - 2019/9/5

    Y1 - 2019/9/5

    N2 - The term Blue Carbon (BC) was first coined a decade ago to describe the disproportionately large contribution of coastal vegetated ecosystems to global carbon sequestration. The role of BC in climate change mitigation and adaptation has now reached international prominence. To help prioritise future research, we assembled leading experts in the field to agree upon the top-ten pending questions in BC science. Understanding how climate change affects carbon accumulation in mature BC ecosystems and during their restoration was a high priority. Controversial questions included the role of carbonate and macroalgae in BC cycling, and the degree to which greenhouse gases are released following disturbance of BC ecosystems. Scientists seek improved precision of the extent of BC ecosystems; techniques to determine BC provenance; understanding of the factors that influence sequestration in BC ecosystems, with the corresponding value of BC; and the management actions that are effective in enhancing this value. Overall this overview provides a comprehensive road map for the coming decades on future research in BC science.

    AB - The term Blue Carbon (BC) was first coined a decade ago to describe the disproportionately large contribution of coastal vegetated ecosystems to global carbon sequestration. The role of BC in climate change mitigation and adaptation has now reached international prominence. To help prioritise future research, we assembled leading experts in the field to agree upon the top-ten pending questions in BC science. Understanding how climate change affects carbon accumulation in mature BC ecosystems and during their restoration was a high priority. Controversial questions included the role of carbonate and macroalgae in BC cycling, and the degree to which greenhouse gases are released following disturbance of BC ecosystems. Scientists seek improved precision of the extent of BC ecosystems; techniques to determine BC provenance; understanding of the factors that influence sequestration in BC ecosystems, with the corresponding value of BC; and the management actions that are effective in enhancing this value. Overall this overview provides a comprehensive road map for the coming decades on future research in BC science.

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    JO - Nature Communications

    JF - Nature Communications

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    Macreadie PI, Anton A, Raven JA, Beaumont N, Connolly RM, Friess DA et al. The future of Blue Carbon science. Nature Communications. 2019 Sep 5;10(1):1-13. 3998. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-11693-w