The future of the northeast Atlantic benthic flora in a high CO2 world

Juliet Brodie, Christopher J. Williamson, Dan A. Smale, Nicholas A. Kamenos, Nova Mieszkowska, Rui Santos, Michael Cunliffe, Michael Steinke, Christopher Yesson, Kathryn M. Anderson, Valentina Asnaghi, Colin Brownlee, Heidi L. Burdett, Michael T. Burrows, Sinead Collins, Penelope J. C. Donohue, Ben Harvey, Andrew Foggo, Fanny Noisette, Joana Nunes & 6 others Federica Ragazzola, John A. Raven, Daniela N. Schmidt, David Suggett, Mirta Teichberg, Jason M. Hall-Spencer

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    Abstract

    Seaweed and seagrass communities in the northeast Atlantic have been profoundly impacted by humans, and the rate of change is accelerating rapidly due to runaway CO2 emissions and mounting pressures on coastlines associated with human population growth and increased consumption of finite resources. Here, we predict how rapid warming and acidification are likely to affect benthic flora and coastal ecosystems of the northeast Atlantic in this century, based on global evidence from the literature as interpreted by the collective knowledge of the authorship. We predict that warming will kill off kelp forests in the south and that ocean acidification will remove maerl habitat in the north. Seagrasses will proliferate, and associated epiphytes switch from calcified algae to diatoms and filamentous species. Invasive species will thrive in niches liberated by loss of native species and spread via exponential development of artificial marine structures. Combined impacts of seawater warming, ocean acidification, and increased storminess may replace structurally diverse seaweed canopies, with associated calcified and noncalcified flora, with simple habitats dominated by noncalcified, turf-forming seaweeds.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2787-2798
    Number of pages12
    JournalEcology and Evolution
    Volume4
    Issue number13
    Early online date18 Jun 2014
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014

    Fingerprint

    seaweed
    macroalgae
    flora
    warming
    algae
    kelp forest
    habitat
    seagrass
    invasive species
    native species
    acidification
    Bacillariophyceae
    niche
    population growth
    epiphytes
    diatom
    lawns and turf
    habitats
    alga
    canopy

    Cite this

    Brodie, J., Williamson, C. J., Smale, D. A., Kamenos, N. A., Mieszkowska, N., Santos, R., ... Hall-Spencer, J. M. (2014). The future of the northeast Atlantic benthic flora in a high CO2 world. Ecology and Evolution, 4(13), 2787-2798. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.1105
    Brodie, Juliet ; Williamson, Christopher J. ; Smale, Dan A. ; Kamenos, Nicholas A. ; Mieszkowska, Nova ; Santos, Rui ; Cunliffe, Michael ; Steinke, Michael ; Yesson, Christopher ; Anderson, Kathryn M. ; Asnaghi, Valentina ; Brownlee, Colin ; Burdett, Heidi L. ; Burrows, Michael T. ; Collins, Sinead ; Donohue, Penelope J. C. ; Harvey, Ben ; Foggo, Andrew ; Noisette, Fanny ; Nunes, Joana ; Ragazzola, Federica ; Raven, John A. ; Schmidt, Daniela N. ; Suggett, David ; Teichberg, Mirta ; Hall-Spencer, Jason M. / The future of the northeast Atlantic benthic flora in a high CO2 world. In: Ecology and Evolution. 2014 ; Vol. 4, No. 13. pp. 2787-2798.
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    abstract = "Seaweed and seagrass communities in the northeast Atlantic have been profoundly impacted by humans, and the rate of change is accelerating rapidly due to runaway CO2 emissions and mounting pressures on coastlines associated with human population growth and increased consumption of finite resources. Here, we predict how rapid warming and acidification are likely to affect benthic flora and coastal ecosystems of the northeast Atlantic in this century, based on global evidence from the literature as interpreted by the collective knowledge of the authorship. We predict that warming will kill off kelp forests in the south and that ocean acidification will remove maerl habitat in the north. Seagrasses will proliferate, and associated epiphytes switch from calcified algae to diatoms and filamentous species. Invasive species will thrive in niches liberated by loss of native species and spread via exponential development of artificial marine structures. Combined impacts of seawater warming, ocean acidification, and increased storminess may replace structurally diverse seaweed canopies, with associated calcified and noncalcified flora, with simple habitats dominated by noncalcified, turf-forming seaweeds.",
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    Brodie, J, Williamson, CJ, Smale, DA, Kamenos, NA, Mieszkowska, N, Santos, R, Cunliffe, M, Steinke, M, Yesson, C, Anderson, KM, Asnaghi, V, Brownlee, C, Burdett, HL, Burrows, MT, Collins, S, Donohue, PJC, Harvey, B, Foggo, A, Noisette, F, Nunes, J, Ragazzola, F, Raven, JA, Schmidt, DN, Suggett, D, Teichberg, M & Hall-Spencer, JM 2014, 'The future of the northeast Atlantic benthic flora in a high CO2 world', Ecology and Evolution, vol. 4, no. 13, pp. 2787-2798. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.1105

    The future of the northeast Atlantic benthic flora in a high CO2 world. / Brodie, Juliet; Williamson, Christopher J.; Smale, Dan A.; Kamenos, Nicholas A.; Mieszkowska, Nova; Santos, Rui; Cunliffe, Michael; Steinke, Michael; Yesson, Christopher; Anderson, Kathryn M.; Asnaghi, Valentina; Brownlee, Colin; Burdett, Heidi L.; Burrows, Michael T.; Collins, Sinead; Donohue, Penelope J. C.; Harvey, Ben; Foggo, Andrew; Noisette, Fanny; Nunes, Joana; Ragazzola, Federica; Raven, John A.; Schmidt, Daniela N.; Suggett, David; Teichberg, Mirta; Hall-Spencer, Jason M.

    In: Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 4, No. 13, 07.2014, p. 2787-2798.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Yesson, Christopher

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    AB - Seaweed and seagrass communities in the northeast Atlantic have been profoundly impacted by humans, and the rate of change is accelerating rapidly due to runaway CO2 emissions and mounting pressures on coastlines associated with human population growth and increased consumption of finite resources. Here, we predict how rapid warming and acidification are likely to affect benthic flora and coastal ecosystems of the northeast Atlantic in this century, based on global evidence from the literature as interpreted by the collective knowledge of the authorship. We predict that warming will kill off kelp forests in the south and that ocean acidification will remove maerl habitat in the north. Seagrasses will proliferate, and associated epiphytes switch from calcified algae to diatoms and filamentous species. Invasive species will thrive in niches liberated by loss of native species and spread via exponential development of artificial marine structures. Combined impacts of seawater warming, ocean acidification, and increased storminess may replace structurally diverse seaweed canopies, with associated calcified and noncalcified flora, with simple habitats dominated by noncalcified, turf-forming seaweeds.

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    Brodie J, Williamson CJ, Smale DA, Kamenos NA, Mieszkowska N, Santos R et al. The future of the northeast Atlantic benthic flora in a high CO2 world. Ecology and Evolution. 2014 Jul;4(13):2787-2798. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.1105