The inhibition of hepatic glycogen-associated protein phosphatase-1 (PP1-G(L)) by glycogen phosphorylase a prevents the dephosphorylation and activation of glycogen synthase, suppressing glycogen synthesis when glycogenolysis is activated. Here, we show that a peptide ((280)LGPYY(284)) comprising the last five amino acids of G(L) retains high-affinity interaction with phosphorylase a and that the two tyrosines play crucial roles. Tyr284 deletion abolishes binding of phosphorylase a to G(L) and replacement by phenylalanine is insufficient to restore high-affinity binding. We show that a phosphorylase inhibitor blocks the interaction of phosphorylase a with the G(L) C-terminus, suggesting that the latter interaction could be targeted to develop an anti-diabetic drug.
- Amino Acid Sequence
- Glycogen Phosphorylase, Liver Form
- Molecular Sequence Data
- Protein Binding
- Protein Subunits