The Holocene Storegga Slide tsunami in the United Kingdom

D. E. Smith (Lead / Corresponding author), S. Shi, R. A. Cullingford, A. G. Dawson, S. Dawson, C. R. Firth, I. D. L. Foster, P. T. Fretwell, B. A. Haggart, L. K. Holloway, D. Long

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

117 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

All currently known sites in the United Kingdom with evidence for the Holocene Storegga Slide tsunami are described. Information on the altitude, distribution, stratigraphical context, age, particle size profile and microfossil characteristics of the deposits is presented. The tsunami involved a greater area than previously described, reaching a coastline over 600km long. The ubiquitous sand layer which forms the main deposit associated with the event is shown to exhibit a consistent morphology and a particle size profile marked by fining-upwards sequences. An analysis of new and previously published radiocarbon dates indicates that from evidence in the United Kingdom, the event took place sometime around 7100radiocarbon years BP (7900 calibrated years BP). A new isobase model for mainland Scotland and adjacent areas, providing a preliminary estimate of land uplift since the tsunami, is presented. The model estimates contemporary sea surface level offshore at 14m below the present day mean high water spring tides. Tsunami sediment run-up is greatest in inlets, where it reaches at least 25m on Shetland and at least 5m along the mainland coastline to the south, and run-up of the tsunami would have exceeded these values. The tsunami sediments identified here are considered particularly valuable as a synchronous marker horizon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2291-2321
Number of pages31
JournalQuaternary Science Reviews
Volume23
Issue number23-24
Early online date25 Jun 2004
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2004

Fingerprint

tsunamis
tsunami
United Kingdom
Holocene
event
evidence
water
particle size
present
fining sequence
Values
coasts
sediments
microfossils
coast
spring water
microfossil
Scotland
sediment
tides

Cite this

Smith, D. E., Shi, S., Cullingford, R. A., Dawson, A. G., Dawson, S., Firth, C. R., ... Long, D. (2004). The Holocene Storegga Slide tsunami in the United Kingdom. Quaternary Science Reviews, 23(23-24), 2291-2321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2004.04.001
Smith, D. E. ; Shi, S. ; Cullingford, R. A. ; Dawson, A. G. ; Dawson, S. ; Firth, C. R. ; Foster, I. D. L. ; Fretwell, P. T. ; Haggart, B. A. ; Holloway, L. K. ; Long, D. / The Holocene Storegga Slide tsunami in the United Kingdom. In: Quaternary Science Reviews. 2004 ; Vol. 23, No. 23-24. pp. 2291-2321.
@article{bce1426220aa4640b29f7f40e03adafc,
title = "The Holocene Storegga Slide tsunami in the United Kingdom",
abstract = "All currently known sites in the United Kingdom with evidence for the Holocene Storegga Slide tsunami are described. Information on the altitude, distribution, stratigraphical context, age, particle size profile and microfossil characteristics of the deposits is presented. The tsunami involved a greater area than previously described, reaching a coastline over 600km long. The ubiquitous sand layer which forms the main deposit associated with the event is shown to exhibit a consistent morphology and a particle size profile marked by fining-upwards sequences. An analysis of new and previously published radiocarbon dates indicates that from evidence in the United Kingdom, the event took place sometime around 7100radiocarbon years BP (7900 calibrated years BP). A new isobase model for mainland Scotland and adjacent areas, providing a preliminary estimate of land uplift since the tsunami, is presented. The model estimates contemporary sea surface level offshore at 14m below the present day mean high water spring tides. Tsunami sediment run-up is greatest in inlets, where it reaches at least 25m on Shetland and at least 5m along the mainland coastline to the south, and run-up of the tsunami would have exceeded these values. The tsunami sediments identified here are considered particularly valuable as a synchronous marker horizon.",
author = "Smith, {D. E.} and S. Shi and Cullingford, {R. A.} and Dawson, {A. G.} and S. Dawson and Firth, {C. R.} and Foster, {I. D. L.} and Fretwell, {P. T.} and Haggart, {B. A.} and Holloway, {L. K.} and D. Long",
year = "2004",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1016/j.quascirev.2004.04.001",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "2291--2321",
journal = "Quaternary Science Reviews",
issn = "0277-3791",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "23-24",

}

Smith, DE, Shi, S, Cullingford, RA, Dawson, AG, Dawson, S, Firth, CR, Foster, IDL, Fretwell, PT, Haggart, BA, Holloway, LK & Long, D 2004, 'The Holocene Storegga Slide tsunami in the United Kingdom', Quaternary Science Reviews, vol. 23, no. 23-24, pp. 2291-2321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2004.04.001

The Holocene Storegga Slide tsunami in the United Kingdom. / Smith, D. E. (Lead / Corresponding author); Shi, S.; Cullingford, R. A.; Dawson, A. G.; Dawson, S.; Firth, C. R.; Foster, I. D. L.; Fretwell, P. T.; Haggart, B. A.; Holloway, L. K.; Long, D.

In: Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 23, No. 23-24, 12.2004, p. 2291-2321.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Holocene Storegga Slide tsunami in the United Kingdom

AU - Smith, D. E.

AU - Shi, S.

AU - Cullingford, R. A.

AU - Dawson, A. G.

AU - Dawson, S.

AU - Firth, C. R.

AU - Foster, I. D. L.

AU - Fretwell, P. T.

AU - Haggart, B. A.

AU - Holloway, L. K.

AU - Long, D.

PY - 2004/12

Y1 - 2004/12

N2 - All currently known sites in the United Kingdom with evidence for the Holocene Storegga Slide tsunami are described. Information on the altitude, distribution, stratigraphical context, age, particle size profile and microfossil characteristics of the deposits is presented. The tsunami involved a greater area than previously described, reaching a coastline over 600km long. The ubiquitous sand layer which forms the main deposit associated with the event is shown to exhibit a consistent morphology and a particle size profile marked by fining-upwards sequences. An analysis of new and previously published radiocarbon dates indicates that from evidence in the United Kingdom, the event took place sometime around 7100radiocarbon years BP (7900 calibrated years BP). A new isobase model for mainland Scotland and adjacent areas, providing a preliminary estimate of land uplift since the tsunami, is presented. The model estimates contemporary sea surface level offshore at 14m below the present day mean high water spring tides. Tsunami sediment run-up is greatest in inlets, where it reaches at least 25m on Shetland and at least 5m along the mainland coastline to the south, and run-up of the tsunami would have exceeded these values. The tsunami sediments identified here are considered particularly valuable as a synchronous marker horizon.

AB - All currently known sites in the United Kingdom with evidence for the Holocene Storegga Slide tsunami are described. Information on the altitude, distribution, stratigraphical context, age, particle size profile and microfossil characteristics of the deposits is presented. The tsunami involved a greater area than previously described, reaching a coastline over 600km long. The ubiquitous sand layer which forms the main deposit associated with the event is shown to exhibit a consistent morphology and a particle size profile marked by fining-upwards sequences. An analysis of new and previously published radiocarbon dates indicates that from evidence in the United Kingdom, the event took place sometime around 7100radiocarbon years BP (7900 calibrated years BP). A new isobase model for mainland Scotland and adjacent areas, providing a preliminary estimate of land uplift since the tsunami, is presented. The model estimates contemporary sea surface level offshore at 14m below the present day mean high water spring tides. Tsunami sediment run-up is greatest in inlets, where it reaches at least 25m on Shetland and at least 5m along the mainland coastline to the south, and run-up of the tsunami would have exceeded these values. The tsunami sediments identified here are considered particularly valuable as a synchronous marker horizon.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=9244256842&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.quascirev.2004.04.001

DO - 10.1016/j.quascirev.2004.04.001

M3 - Article

VL - 23

SP - 2291

EP - 2321

JO - Quaternary Science Reviews

JF - Quaternary Science Reviews

SN - 0277-3791

IS - 23-24

ER -

Smith DE, Shi S, Cullingford RA, Dawson AG, Dawson S, Firth CR et al. The Holocene Storegga Slide tsunami in the United Kingdom. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2004 Dec;23(23-24):2291-2321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2004.04.001