The human nail apparatus: An update on anatomy, pathology and treatment

Christoph R. Loeser, Luke Reid, Nicole Reeves, Eva M. Sweeney, Sebastian Cotofana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


Nail avulsion procedures are one of the most frequent therapeutic strategies applied in general and surgical practice for nail disorders. The loss of the integrity of the nail apparatus can lead to both aesthetic and functional impairment of the respective phalanx and is capable to generate serious discomfort for the patient. Therefore is the aim of this work, to present a different but delicate approach towards the nail apparatus by analyzing the specific anatomical site and its background in order to face the exemplified clinical problems by using a directed surgical approach based, whenever possible, on a one-step procedure for diagnosis and therapy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-191
Number of pages8
JournalKosmetische Medizin
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Exostosis
  • Glomus tumor
  • mucoid pseudocyst
  • nail anatomy
  • nail appartatus
  • nail bed
  • ail embryology
  • nail matrix
  • nail surgery


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