The hydrological impact of rapid ice ablation in a small highly glaciated catchment, Virkísjökull, SE Iceland

Verity Flett (Lead / Corresponding author), Martin Kirkbride, Jez Everest, Andrew Black, Alan MacDonald

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Abstract

Widespread glacial retreat in Iceland will lead to changes in the hydrology of proglacial rivers. An understanding of the connection between glaciers and rivers is necessary in order to predict and manage the anticipated changes. This paper presents a detailed ice ablation study from the Virkísjökull catchment in SE Iceland. This paper provides a better understanding of the connection between enhanced ice ablation, glacier hypsometry and proglacial river run-off during a rapid retreat phase. Degree-day modelling, river discharge monitoring and glacier hypsometric analysis from the 2013 ablation season was used. Results indicate that a 1°C warming will increase ice surface lowering by 8.5 mm d–1 in the lowest 200 m, which translates as 37% more melt available for river flow. Individual glacier hypsometry is responsible for a high sensitivity to fluctuations in the equilibrium-line altitude, with an increase of 100 m resulting in an increase in total meltwater input into the catchment of 13.4% currently levels between May and September. Virkísjökull is at a critical stage where the greatest increase in meltwater input that will be observed during this deglaciation cycle could occur within the next few years due to an increase in the altitude of the late summer snowline.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jun 2015
EventInternational Symposium on Hydrology of Glaciers and Ice Sheets - Hotel Vatnajökull at Lindarbakki, Höfn in Hornafjörður, Iceland
Duration: 21 Jun 201526 Jun 2015
http://en.vedur.is/conferences/igs-2015

Conference

ConferenceInternational Symposium on Hydrology of Glaciers and Ice Sheets
CountryIceland
CityHöfn in Hornafjörður
Period21/06/1526/06/15
Internet address

Fingerprint

ablation
glacier
hypsometry
catchment
ice
meltwater
river
snowline
equilibrium line
deglaciation
river discharge
river flow
hydrology
warming
melt
runoff
summer
monitoring
modeling

Cite this

Flett, V., Kirkbride, M., Everest, J., Black, A., & MacDonald, A. (2015). The hydrological impact of rapid ice ablation in a small highly glaciated catchment, Virkísjökull, SE Iceland. Poster session presented at International Symposium on Hydrology of Glaciers and Ice Sheets, Höfn in Hornafjörður, Iceland.
Flett, Verity ; Kirkbride, Martin ; Everest, Jez ; Black, Andrew ; MacDonald, Alan. / The hydrological impact of rapid ice ablation in a small highly glaciated catchment, Virkísjökull, SE Iceland. Poster session presented at International Symposium on Hydrology of Glaciers and Ice Sheets, Höfn in Hornafjörður, Iceland.1 p.
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title = "The hydrological impact of rapid ice ablation in a small highly glaciated catchment, Virk{\'i}sj{\"o}kull, SE Iceland",
abstract = "Widespread glacial retreat in Iceland will lead to changes in the hydrology of proglacial rivers. An understanding of the connection between glaciers and rivers is necessary in order to predict and manage the anticipated changes. This paper presents a detailed ice ablation study from the Virk{\'i}sj{\"o}kull catchment in SE Iceland. This paper provides a better understanding of the connection between enhanced ice ablation, glacier hypsometry and proglacial river run-off during a rapid retreat phase. Degree-day modelling, river discharge monitoring and glacier hypsometric analysis from the 2013 ablation season was used. Results indicate that a 1°C warming will increase ice surface lowering by 8.5 mm d–1 in the lowest 200 m, which translates as 37{\%} more melt available for river flow. Individual glacier hypsometry is responsible for a high sensitivity to fluctuations in the equilibrium-line altitude, with an increase of 100 m resulting in an increase in total meltwater input into the catchment of 13.4{\%} currently levels between May and September. Virk{\'i}sj{\"o}kull is at a critical stage where the greatest increase in meltwater input that will be observed during this deglaciation cycle could occur within the next few years due to an increase in the altitude of the late summer snowline.",
author = "Verity Flett and Martin Kirkbride and Jez Everest and Andrew Black and Alan MacDonald",
note = "Presented at poster session A; International Symposium on Hydrology of Glaciers and Ice Sheets ; Conference date: 21-06-2015 Through 26-06-2015",
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Flett, V, Kirkbride, M, Everest, J, Black, A & MacDonald, A 2015, 'The hydrological impact of rapid ice ablation in a small highly glaciated catchment, Virkísjökull, SE Iceland' International Symposium on Hydrology of Glaciers and Ice Sheets, Höfn in Hornafjörður, Iceland, 21/06/15 - 26/06/15, .

The hydrological impact of rapid ice ablation in a small highly glaciated catchment, Virkísjökull, SE Iceland. / Flett, Verity (Lead / Corresponding author); Kirkbride, Martin; Everest, Jez; Black, Andrew; MacDonald, Alan.

2015. Poster session presented at International Symposium on Hydrology of Glaciers and Ice Sheets, Höfn in Hornafjörður, Iceland.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

TY - CONF

T1 - The hydrological impact of rapid ice ablation in a small highly glaciated catchment, Virkísjökull, SE Iceland

AU - Flett, Verity

AU - Kirkbride, Martin

AU - Everest, Jez

AU - Black, Andrew

AU - MacDonald, Alan

N1 - Presented at poster session A

PY - 2015/6/23

Y1 - 2015/6/23

N2 - Widespread glacial retreat in Iceland will lead to changes in the hydrology of proglacial rivers. An understanding of the connection between glaciers and rivers is necessary in order to predict and manage the anticipated changes. This paper presents a detailed ice ablation study from the Virkísjökull catchment in SE Iceland. This paper provides a better understanding of the connection between enhanced ice ablation, glacier hypsometry and proglacial river run-off during a rapid retreat phase. Degree-day modelling, river discharge monitoring and glacier hypsometric analysis from the 2013 ablation season was used. Results indicate that a 1°C warming will increase ice surface lowering by 8.5 mm d–1 in the lowest 200 m, which translates as 37% more melt available for river flow. Individual glacier hypsometry is responsible for a high sensitivity to fluctuations in the equilibrium-line altitude, with an increase of 100 m resulting in an increase in total meltwater input into the catchment of 13.4% currently levels between May and September. Virkísjökull is at a critical stage where the greatest increase in meltwater input that will be observed during this deglaciation cycle could occur within the next few years due to an increase in the altitude of the late summer snowline.

AB - Widespread glacial retreat in Iceland will lead to changes in the hydrology of proglacial rivers. An understanding of the connection between glaciers and rivers is necessary in order to predict and manage the anticipated changes. This paper presents a detailed ice ablation study from the Virkísjökull catchment in SE Iceland. This paper provides a better understanding of the connection between enhanced ice ablation, glacier hypsometry and proglacial river run-off during a rapid retreat phase. Degree-day modelling, river discharge monitoring and glacier hypsometric analysis from the 2013 ablation season was used. Results indicate that a 1°C warming will increase ice surface lowering by 8.5 mm d–1 in the lowest 200 m, which translates as 37% more melt available for river flow. Individual glacier hypsometry is responsible for a high sensitivity to fluctuations in the equilibrium-line altitude, with an increase of 100 m resulting in an increase in total meltwater input into the catchment of 13.4% currently levels between May and September. Virkísjökull is at a critical stage where the greatest increase in meltwater input that will be observed during this deglaciation cycle could occur within the next few years due to an increase in the altitude of the late summer snowline.

UR - https://www.igsoc.org/symposia/2015/iceland/proceedings/procsfiles/procabstracts_67.html#A1668

UR - https://www.igsoc.org/symposia/2015/iceland/proceedings/fullprogramme.html

M3 - Poster

ER -

Flett V, Kirkbride M, Everest J, Black A, MacDonald A. The hydrological impact of rapid ice ablation in a small highly glaciated catchment, Virkísjökull, SE Iceland. 2015. Poster session presented at International Symposium on Hydrology of Glaciers and Ice Sheets, Höfn in Hornafjörður, Iceland.