The hypersensitive response in PAMP- and effector-triggered immune responses

Angela Feechan, Dionne Turnbull, Laura J. Stevens, Stefan Engelhardt, Paul R.J. Birch, Ingo Hein, Eleanor M. Gilroy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

8 Citations (Scopus)


The fundamentals of quenching and partitioning process are discussed including various points of view and existing different approaches. Evolution of structure is considered including effect of processing parameters (quenching temperature, temperature, and duration of partitioning) and contribution of bainite reaction. The role of retained austenite stability and possible impacts of various factors are presented. The chapter includes the discussion of relationship between microstructure and the main properties of Q&P steels such as the combination of strength and ductility, strain hardening, and hole extension, as well as appropriate influence of steel composition. Modern modifications of Q&P thermal cycle are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPlant Programmed Cell Death
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages34
ISBN (Electronic)9783319210339
ISBN (Print)9783319210322
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Effector protein
  • Guard hypothesis
  • Host target
  • Hypersensitive response (HR)
  • Nucleotide-binding leucine-rich repeat (NB-LRR)
  • Pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP)
  • Pattern-recognition receptor (PRR)
  • Plant pathogen interaction
  • Programmed cell death (PCD)
  • Reactive oxygen species (ROS)
  • Resistance (R) protein


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