The collective movement of animals occurs as a result of communication between the members of the community. However, inter-individual communication can be aected by the stochasticity of the environment, leading to changes in the perception of neighbours and subsequent changes in individual behaviour, which then in uence the overall behaviour of the animal aggregations. To investigate the eect of noise on the overall behaviour of animal aggregations, we consider a class of nonlocal stochastic and deterministic hyperbolic models for the collective movement of animals. We show numerically that strong noise does not seem to in uence the spatio-temporal pattern (i.e., travelling aggregations) observed when all neighbours are perceived with the same intensity (i.e., the environment is homogeneous). However, when neighbours ahead/behind are perceived dierently by a reference individual, noise can lead to the destruction of the spatio-temporal pattern. Moreover, we show that the increase in noise can lead to dierent transitions between different spatio-temporal patterns, and these transitions are relatively similar to the transitions between patterns when we perturb deterministically some parameters.
- stochastic and deterministic nonlocal hyperbolic models
- self-organised biological aggregations
- animal communication